KIN 405 Lecture 1 and 2

circumference 88 cm 35 in blood pressure sbp 130 or

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Unformatted text preview: al% % •  Diagnosed%with%heart%disease,%diabetes%or%high%BP% •  Abdominal%obese%people:%% –  Waist%>102%cm%(40%inches)%for%men%% –  Waist%>%88%cm%(35%inches)%for%women%% •  Smokers% •  Individuals%with%strong%family%history%of%heart%disease% Triacylglyceride%&%Cholesterol%Targets% Lipid%Profile%Parameter% CutXoff% Total%Cholesterol% <5.2 %%%%%%%%%mM%(200%mg/dL)%% LDL% <3.5 %%%%%%%%%%mM%(about%130%mg/dL)%% HDL% >%1.0%mM%for%men;%>%1.2%mM%for% women%(about%40%mg/dL)%% Triacylglycerides% <%1.7%mM%(~60%mg/dL)% Total%cholesterol/HDL%ra:o% <5.0 http://www.heartandstroke.on.ca/site/c.pvI3IeNWJwE/b.4010319/k.FCC2/Heart_Disease__Living_with_Cholesterol.htm 6.%Metabolic%Syndrome%% •  Individuals%open%present%with%more%than%1%morbid% condi:on.% •  A%cluster%of%symptoms%combined%may%be%defined%as%clinical% condi:on%!%now%also%referred%to%as% cardiometabolic syndrome% %% %%%% •  Combina:on%of%CVD%risk%factors%associated%with% hypertension,%insulin%resistance,%dyslipidemia%and% abdominal%obesity.% •  Prevalence%in%Canada:%17.5%%of%male%adults;%11.2%%of% female%adults% Metabolic%Syndrome% Risk Factors for Metabolic Syndrome (3 or more of the following) Risk Factor Risk Criteria Waist >102 (40 in.) Circumference > 88 cm (35 in.) Blood Pressure SBP ≥130 or DBP ≥ 85 mmHg or both Fasting Blood Glucose >=100mg/dL or >=6.1mM Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL or ≥ 1.6 mM HDL-C < 40 mg/dL or < 1.04 mM < 50 mg/dL or < 1.29 mM 7.%Cancer%Risk% •  Numerous%known%&%unknown%contribu:ng%factors% $ Key$Risk$Factors$ •  Gene:cs% •  %Physical Inactivity % %–%regular%moderate%intensity% %%%%% exercise%can%reduce%the%risk% •  %% Diet % %%–%fat%intake,%fruits%&%vegetables,%fibre,% % salt% •  Weight%–%obesity%is%related%to%incidence%of%breast,% prostate,%and%various%GI%cancers% •  Environmental%Factors% Changes in fat Changes in muscle Body Composition Disease Recurrence Survival Implications in Cancer Treatment Response Treatment Toxicity Morbidity in survivorship Physical)ac9vity)may)have)implica9ons)that)would)benefit)these) different)aspects)of)cancer) 8.%Musculoskeletal%Health% •  •  •  •  Mechanical%loading%via%exercise%has% greatest%poten:al%in%growing%skeleton% Exercise%can%prevent%bone%loss%in% adults% Bone%shape%&%structure?% Other%benefits%of%exercise%that%can% indirectly%affect%fracture%risk%!% % % %muscle%and bone i%nterrelationship% % %% %%%% Health%Benefits%of%Physical%Ac:vity%% Reduced%risk%of:% •  Dying%prematurely%from%heart%disease% •  Developing diabetes...
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This document was uploaded on 03/28/2014 for the course KIN 405 at Waterloo.

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