KIN 405 Lecture 1 and 2

Exacerbatedbylackofexercise

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Unformatted text preview: Asian)or) African)descent)–)are)considered)high)risk) •  Overweight/Obese)(especially)visceral)adiposity)) •  Family)History:)parent,)brother)or)sister)with)diabetes) •  Health)complica9ons)associated)with)diabetes) •  Giving)birth)to)a)baby)>)4)kg)(9)lb))) •  Had)gesta9onal)diabetes) •  Impaired)glucose)tolerance)or)impaired)fas9ng)glucose) •  High)blood)pressure)) •  High)cholesterol)or)other)fats)in)the)blood)) ) Body%Composi:on%&%Diabetes% •  Low)Muscle)Mass)and)/)or)obesity)(in)many)cases)sarcopenic) obesity)is)present))) •  Impairs)proper) ) glucose )metabolism) )) •  Exacerbated)by)lack)of)exercise) •  Exercise)can)improve)muscle)metabolism)by) enhancing:) ) ) •  )Glucose uptake ) ) )) )))) •  Lipolysis)&)faVy)acid)uptake) 3.%Cardiovascular%Disease% •  accounts%for%2nd%greatest%#%of%deaths%of% Canadians%in%2005%% •  accounted%for%28%%of%all%male%deaths%and% 29%%of%all%female%deaths% http://www.statcan.gc.ca/cgi-bin/af-fdr.cgi?l=eng&loc=tbl/t001-eng.pdf Risk%factors%for%CVD% •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  High%blood%pressure% Smoking% High%cholesterol% Diabetes%or%high%blood%sugar% %Low% physical activity (just as% bad%or worse than smoking) %%%%% % Stress% Obesity% Diet% Excess%alcohol%consump:on% 4.%Hypertension% •  WHAT IS BLOOD PRESSURE? –  Force or pressure exerted by the blood on the arteries •  Systolic pressure –  pressure in arteries during systole •  Diastolic pressure –  pressure in arteries during diastole •  Pulse pressure –  Difference between systolic & diastolic blood pressure •  Intra-arterial –  Direct = auscultation with stethoscope –  Indirect = sphygmomanometer Hypertension% •  SBP%% >=140 %mmHg%and%DBP% >=90 %mmHg,%on%two%separate% % % occasions.%%% –  Prehypertension:%SBP=% 120-139 %mmHg;%DBP=%80-89%mmHg% %% % •  With%diabetes%or%kidney%disease%!%130/80%mmHg.%...
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