Lecture Notes - Abductive Argument

Lecture Notes - Abductive Argument - Abductive Argument...

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Abductive Argument Abductive arguments (also known as: inference to the best explanation) involve starting with some observation (like induction), but then inferring to the best explanation of the phenomenon (observation) Mendel’s reasoning: O: Experimental crosses with pea plants were observed to yield such-and-such results. C: There are genes (elements) and they obey laws L You can’t validly deduce a theory from a set of observations P1: If there are genes and they obey laws L, then experimental crosses in pea plants should exhibit such-and-such results P2: Experimental crosses in the pea plants were observed to exhibit such-and- such results. C: There are genes and they obey laws L Successful prediction isn’t absolutely conclusive proof that a theory is true P1: If there are genes and they obey laws L, then experimental crosses in the pea plants should exhibit such-and-such results.
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