Lecture Notes 7 - Libertarianism

Lecture Notes 7 - Libertarianism - Libertarianism Taylors...

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Libertarianism Taylor’s basic argument It is very likely that we deliberate in order to make decisions It is very likely that these decision initiate and result in free, previously undetermined actions Liberariansim is to be preferred to determinism What follows from this basic argument? First , we are sometimes agents rather than more patients Second, the resulting theory of agency is admittedly strange Mill British philosopher, political economist, civil servant Mill’s Question Does the law of causality apply in the same strict sense to human actions as to other phenomena? The doctrine of necessity asserts that human volitions and actions are necessary and inevitable Libertarianism assets that human will is not determined Compatibilism accepts determinism Mill’s Basic Argument Human action could be predicted Conflict in the smallest degree with what is called our feeling Free will is not inconsistent with determinism
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Unformatted text preview: Theory of Causation • First objection o Is the Doctrine of Necessity more than simply the view that given enough information, human action could be predicted? • Mill’s Reply: o No, since causation is merely constancy of succession o There is nothing in causation but invariable, certain, and unconditional sequence o There is no additional o Necessary is simply uniformity of order, and capability of being • Second Objection o Mill guilty of equivocating between two forms of causation • Mill’s Reply: o Necessity does not imply fatalism • Just because that which happens is the infallible. .. prevent it.” Ethical Theory in general • Rule based theories o what makes an action wrong is that it breaks moral rules (moral law) o Moral rules derive from some kind of principle • Principle: The Golden Rule o Treat others as you would have o Right action = obey the rule o Wrong action = break the rule...
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  • Summer '11
  • DEE
  • Philosophy, Causality, basic argument

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