Lecture Notes 1 - Value Theory and Piety

Lecture Notes 1 - Value Theory and Piety - Value Theory...

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Value Theory Seems that value claims can be True or false That is, we believe then Justified That is, we often give justification for our beliefs Objective Ethics Politics Aesthetics Athenian Acropolis Plato’s Euthyphro Year 399 BCE in the city-state of Anthens Socrates meets Euthyprho at the King Archon’s Law Court Euthyphro has charged his father with murder Socrates has been charged with corrupting the young and inventing new goals Euthyphro says that, in his case, the only question is whether his father acted justly Socrates asks Euthyphro to teach him about the nature of justice Compare Latin “pietas” and Greek “eusebia” with o Justice o Piety o Responsbility o Trustworthiness o Loyalty What is piety? Euthyphro’s first answer: o “I say that piety means prosecuting the unjust…not prosecuting him.” o Even Zeus bound his own father, Cronos, for devouring his children
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Unformatted text preview: o Socrates is skeptical for two reasons o Such stories are hard to prove o He didn’t ask for a list of pious actions, but for a definition of piety Euthyphro’s second answer: o “what is pleasing to the gods is pious, and what is not pleasing to them is impious” o Socrates is skeptical since o There are quarrels and disagreements among the gods o So the same actions will be both pleasing Euthyphro’s third answer: o “Piety is what all the gods love” and “impiety is what they all hate” o On important issues like murder, “there will be no difference of opinion” o Socrates is skeptical for two reasons o Even on important questions, there are likely to be disagreements o Pious actions are loved by the gods because they are pious This means they can’t be pious because they are loved by the gods This means they have to be pious (or just) for some other reason...
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