PHIL
Lecutre Notes 2 - Religion and Ethics

Lecutre Notes 2 - Religion and Ethics - Religion and Ethics...

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Religion and Ethics Basic issue Is there a necessary connection between religion and ethics? Euthyprhro says yes Socrates is skeptical Divine Command Theory Justice = piety An action is right if and only if it is commanded by the goals Socratic Skepticism Wouldn’t the gods command on action because it is right? David Hume’s Three Rules for Better Writing: Remember that writing style is important Go quickly to the heart of the issue Don’t overstate or understate your thesis or conclusion Socrates’ Trial The year is 299 BCE and Socrates has been brought to trial Context o Fifth century BCE o Greece’s Golden Age o Athenian isonomy/democracy o Protogoras and the Sophists o Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
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Unformatted text preview: o Peloponnesian War • Sources o Aristophanes – Clouds o Xenophon – Memorabilia, Apology, Symposium, Hellenica o Plato (Early) – Eutltyphro, Apoloty o Plato (Middle) o Plato (Late) o Aristotle o Lost sources o Archeological record • Procedures o Jury selection o Water clock o Ballots o Archon • Charges o Charges 5 years after the end of the war Corrupting the young Failing to honor the traditional Greek gods o Prosecution o Define Plato’s Apology • Arguments o Argument I Part I of Plato’s Apology • Introduction (style and context) • Old accusers vs. new accusers • Charephon and the Oracle at Delphi • Argument 1 – Horse training analogy...
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