Lecture Notes 3 - Ethical Relativism and Ethical Absolutism

Lecture Notes 3 - Ethical Relativism and Ethical Absolutism...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

Ethical Relativism vs. Ethical Absolutism o Do ethical values as opposed to beliefs about ethical values vary from culture to culture? Ethical Relativism It claims that o Ethical truths vary from culture to culture or from society to society o There is no single, universal moral standard o Morality is identified with socially approved customers o Ethical Absolutism It claims that o Ethical truths do not vary from culture to culture of rom society to society o There is a single, universal moral standard o Morality is identified with one objective property Benedict – Ethical Relativism Question: To what extent are beliefs arout what is normal and abnormal culturally determined Observation: Different cultures accept different norms with regard to o Fashion, dress, mannerisms o Trickery, economic, customs
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: o Trances, ecstatic experiences o Homosexuality o Ethical dietary and sexual taboos o Head-hunting • Conclusion: this diversity shows that normality is culturally identified Ruth Benedict • “We do not any longer… approved habits” • “Mankind has… synonymous” Question: Does Benefit mean to claim that all ethical judgments are culturally dominated • Rape • Cannibalism • Theft • Caste systems • Apartheid • Slavery • Murder • Questions o Does it follow from the fact that different cultures have different beliefs about ethics (or about biology, or astronomy, or…) that different cultures should have different beliefs about ethics? o Does Benedict’s observation that there has been a greater “standardization objective ethical standards can be discovered?...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern