Chapter Four Ethical Issues Notes

Chapter Four Ethical Issues Notes - Chapter Four Notes...

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Chapter Four Notes Ethical Issues Values Perceptions of worth – objects, and personal traits Types: o Intrinsic o Extrinsic o Professional o Cultural-societal-religious Process: o Choosing o Prizing o Acting Values Clarification Strategy: o Voting o Rank ordering o Sentence completion Ethical Principles Human life and dignity Autonomy Beneficence Nonmaleficence Paternalism Utility Justice Veracity Fidelity Confidentiality Types of Ethical Issues Moral uncertainty (moral conflict) o Individual is unsure which moral principles or values apply, uncertainty as to what the moral problem is Moral distress o Individual knows the right thing to do but organizational constraints make if difficult to take the right course of action
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Unformatted text preview: • Moral outrage o Individual witnesses the immoral act of another but feels powerless to stop it • Moral/Ethical dilemmas o Being forced to choose between two or more undesirable alternatives Traditional Problem-Solving Process • Identify the problem • Gather data • Explore alternative • Evaluate the alternative • Select solution • Implement solution • Evaluate solution Nursing Process • Assess • Diagnose • Plan • Implement • Evaluate MORAL decision-making model • M assage the dilemma • O utline options • R eview criteria and resolve • A ffirm position and act • L ook back...
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