Issues in Australia - Inequalities The institutions of a...

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Inequalities The institutions of a nation are never neutral but are implicitly titled toward the needs, interest and identities of the majority group; and this creates a range of burdens, barriers, stigmatizations and exclusions for members of the minority group (Robbins 138) Dependency Colonization creates dependency (Maddison 24) Pre-contact Aboriginal people lived autonomous and self-determining lives with sustainable social systems, enduring spiritual beliefs, viable economies and re- cognized legal systems (Maddison 24) Now suffering from many forms of dependency including welfare and political de- pendency (Maddison 24) Dependency created through decades of dispossession, protectionism, and assim- ilation (Maddison 27) "We sit with sad faces, with nothing to do except watch the [white people] running around doing everything for us…thats what [hell] is like" (Maddison 29) Groiwng dependence on welfare since 1970s Successes 2007 UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People (Robbins 140) Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their eco- nomic, social and cultural development Indigenous peoples, in exercising their right to self-determination, have the right to autonomy or self-government in matters relating to their internal and local affairs, as well as ways and means for financing their autonom- ous functions Indigenous people have the right to maintain and strengthen their distinct political, legal, economic, social and cultural institutions, while retaining their right to participate fully, if they so choose, in the political, economic, social and cultural life of the State The government now funds and/or includes Aboriginal representatives on official government delegations to overseas meetings and conferences that touch on Ab- original issues (Bartlett 252) Australia Only Commonwealth nation that did not sign a treaty with its Indigenous peoples 1901 Constitution excluded and discriminated against Aboriginal people. 1967 Ref- erendum removed discrimination but did not add equal rights, citizenship rights,
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  • Fall '12
  • Rogers
  • Indigenous Australians, aboriginal people

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