20th century Russian History Journal

20th century Russian History Journal - 1 Maxim Gorky...

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1 Maxim Gorky Alexei Maximovich Peshkov was born on March 28 th 1868. He is well known as Maxim Gorky. He was a “Russian and Soviet writer, known for founding the socialist realism literary method” of writing. He was born in Nizhny Novgorod and was orphaned at age 11. His grandmother then raised him for a year, and when he was 12, he ran away from home. When he ran away from home, he traveled Russian by foot for 5 years. His main form of employment was working as a journalist for various newspapers, where he published work under the pseudonym Jehudiel Khlamida. His formal writing career began after he published his first work, Essays and Stories, in 1898. In this book, he described the hardships of being lower class in Russian during this time. He was a political activist for the “Marxist social-democratic movement,” and spoke up for the lower classes in Russia. As he grew older, his works became more optimistic. He became involved in the opposition. As a result, he was imprisoned for 3 years. Due to the social criticism in his work, Gorky was exiled from Russian twice. After returning from exile, he found himself living the lower class life again. He continued to publish works that spoke out against the system. As a result he was placed under house arrest. He was on house arrest until the day of his death in June 1936. Gorky was a great soviet writer who represented the lower classes and common people of Russian. i
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2 Female characters in Maxim Gorky’s “Childhood” Childhood, by Maxim Gorky, is the first autobiography, in a trilogy. It outlines Gorky’s early years in life, starting from his father’s death. While the book is centered on Gorky’s view of the world as a boy, it does depict powerful female characters. The main female character in this novel is Gorky’s grandmother, Akilina Kashirina. She is known as “one of Russian histories well known heroines.” There are a few reasons for this. First, she represents the opposite of the current Russian society. Throughout the novel, Gorky’s grandmother is juxtaposed to his grandfather. His grandfather worships a very brutal, vengeful, deity. His grandfather is also very harsh and cutthroat. His grandfather is an accurate representation of Russian society at the time Gorky was raised. The society Gorky was raised in was meaninglessly cruel to the lower and common classes. Gorky’s grandfather is cruel to him for a seemingly meaningless reason. Thus, Gorky’s grandfather represents the Russian society Gorky grew up in. Gorky only receives compassion from his grandmother. His grandmother worshiped a loving, forgiving, and not all-powerful God. She was compassionate and was a relief for Gorky from the treatment he received from his grandfather. Thus, Gorky’s grandmother represents everything that is loving, hopeful, and optimistic in society. She gave him a positive alternative to all of the haltered in Russian society.
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  • Fall '13
  • NaumKats
  • Maxim Gorky, Gorky, Dr. Preobrazhensky, Soviet System

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