PSYA01 Chapter 1 - PSYA01 CHAPTER ONE WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY A...

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PSYA01 CHAPTER ONE WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY? A science with special focus on behaviour Psy. Comes from 2 Greek words: psukhe (breath, soul) and logos (word, reason) Modern meaning: psycho (mind) and logy (science) science of the mind Explaining Behaviour Goal of psy. understand human behaviour but some also conduct research Causal events: events that cause other events to occure psy. Can also be used to solve problems (refer to pg.5) The Goals of Psychological Research Scientists don’t study psy. only b/c of their curiosity but also b/c behavirou is the root of all the problems we’re facing toay Research psy.ists differ from one another in 2 principal ways: whether the investigation is about the behaviour OR what causes it (the causal events) Physio.al psy. - examines the physiology of behaviour Comparative psy. - is studying different species and explaining behaviour in terms of evolutionary adaptation to the env.; usually study inherited behavioural phenomena. Behaviour analysis – is the branch of psy. that studies env. Events on behaviour Whether behaviour is repeated is depended on what the consequences of that behaviour was in the past (behaviour with good results tend to happen again, behaviour with bad results tend NOT to happen again.) Behaviour genetics – studies the role of genetics in behaviour by examining physical and behavioural characteristics of blood relatives Cognitive psy. – studies complex behaviours and mental processes (e.g. perception, attention, learning, memory, verbal behaviour…) It has helped us teach people how to better deal with temptations of addictions Cognitive neuroscience – understanding cognitive psy.al functions by studying the brain mechanisms that are responsible for them (e.g. how drugs affect pregnant women) Developmental psy. – studies changes in behavioural, perceptual, and cognitive capacities of org. as it changes due to age and experience Social psy. – effects of people on people (e.g. kids start smoking b/c their friends do,
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  • Fall '09
  • joorden
  • Psychology, psy, cognitive psy, clinical psy

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