12 - PSYAQZ Final Exam Textimmk Material Email...

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Unformatted text preview: PSYAQZ Final Exam Textimmk Material Email flfigno‘tesgaégrriailxxtim far all yeur exam review needsi (Shasta? 18: The Treatment flf Mental Bisarziers Mmttai iiisiirtiws Mir}: iisyiiimtiiemgiy Trephining: early surgical presedure t0 treat mental disorders in which hales are drilled in a patien‘t’s head to release evil spirits. Early mental hospitals were unsanitary and patients were treatsd inhumanely. Pine! ran axperiments t0 suppert the human treatment of patients. Mesmer used hypmsis {mesmerism} to help patients. Eclectic approach: therapist uses whichever methads lie/she feels will work best for a particular case, methods range: from drug treatments to a cognitive appmach to an envimnmentai approach and so on. Combinations of strategies are most effective. iiisigiii; Tim. “amiss; Assume pimple are essentially normal but learn maladaptive behaviours. Emphasis of talk li’l therapy sessions as a means {3f discovering reascms far problerris and insight helps clients salve problems iisymrmritiiysis :«mri Mmfififi‘i fisyflhl’figyifiifiiifi Appriizirziiiis Freud is credited for psychoanalysis: form 0f therapy in which the patient is pravided insight intb his/her unconscious matiyations. Conflicts arise from competing demands of the id (biolugicai urge), the ego (reality), and the super—ego (moral dictates of society). 'i'herapist’s main gob is t0 interpret and the client’s main job is to previde descriptions 0f their thoughts {may be difficult to do} The: therapist provides insight into why the ciieni: is having the problem. Free associatinn: the: client is encouraged to speak freely without censoring ideas, Freud accomplished this partiy by eliminating eye cantact with his clients. Dream interpretation includes (fiistinguishing between a dream‘s manifest contents (superficial mutants and happenings) and latent contents {meaning behind the dream}. Freud believed it was a crucial comporxent of psychoanalysis. Resistance: the client becwmes defensive and tries to halt furthear insight, bezcausee it may reveal painful experimces. Transference: a Eater stage in which the client projects powarful ematioris onto the therapist, an essential part cf successful psychoanalysis. o Countertransierence: when the ti‘ierspist projects pawerfui arnotions onto the client, is considered harmful for therapy and so Freud encauraged analysts to go far camplete thera py themselves. Modem Psychodyriamic Therapy: less emphasis 0n sexuai factors and more on social experiences, the egg plays a mere active roleyand thths try to shorten the process, 2 Brief psychodynamlc therapy: 10~25 sessims ti) iirmmvr—z interpersonal skills through the transference pracess. ...
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