Chapter 17 - CHAPTER 17 About boy and his parents got...

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CHAPTER 17 About boy and his parents got divorced His father was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia Chlorpromazine – a drug that reduced the symptoms of his disorder He was embarrassed to spend time with his father because he didn’t want his friends to know he has ‘crazy father’ Why do we feel uncomfortable when we heard this personal experience? We all have major/minor tragedies and problems BUT lives of some are dominated by disordered thoughts, disturbed feelings, or inappropriate behaviors Less severe mental disorder – caused by environmental factors or by person’s perception of these factors o Example: a boy who is constantly criticized by an overbearing, demanding parent may learn to be passive and non-responding Severe mental disorder – caused by hereditary and other biological factors that disrupt normal thought processes or produce inappropriate emotional reaction CLASIFIATION AND DIAGNOSIS OF MENTAL DISORDERS The need for comprehensive classification system of psychological disorder was first recognized by Emil Kraepelin o (The association institutions for the insane) now (American psychiatric association) incorporated Kraepelin’s idea into a classification system WHAT IS “ABNORMAL”? Mental disorder is characterized by abnormal behaviour, thought, and feelings Abnormal – refers to any departure from the norm Does that mean Albert Einstein and Babe Ruth is abnormal? Distinction between “normal” and “abnormal” behaviour can be subjective Psychologist suggest that the most important feature of a mental disorder is not whether a person’s behaviour is “abnormal” but whether it is mal-adaptive – mental disorder that cause distress or discomfort and interfere with people’s ability to lead satisfying, productive lives Diagnosis of mental disorders should be as objective as possible , it may never be completely free from social and political judgments Understanding cultural differences in beliefs is important, especially in a multicultural society such as Canada PERSPECTIVE ON THE CAUSES OF MENTAL DISOEDERS There is not a single cause of mental disorder They are caused by the interaction of hereditary (genetic), cognitive, and environmental factors 1. genetic factor o determining the physiological effects of the relevant genes and the consequence of these effects on a person’s susceptibility
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2. cognitive factor o requires identification of the origins of distorted perceptions and maladaptive thought patterns 3. environmental factor o a wide range of factors, from a person’s family history and present social interactions, to their diet, exposure to drugs or alcohol, and childhood disease THE PSYCHODYNAMIC PERSPECTIVE according to psychodynamic by Freud – mental disorder originate in intrapsychic conflict between produced by the three component of the mind: id, ego, and superego
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