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Unformatted text preview: HIST 339: WW II IN EUROPE FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE/ FALL 2013 The ﬁnal exam is comprehensive. To help students prepare in the proper areas, this guide is
provided. You should be able to identify and give the signiﬁcance of the following people: Adolf Hitler-Head Nazi dude. Lots of bad shit Benito Mussolini- Born son of socialist blacksmith and headed party in Italy Franklin D. Roosevelt—President of US during most of WWII. Well respected Winston Churchill-England prime minister from 1940 till 1945 Joseph Stalin—USSR leader. Not liked by citizens Neville Chamberlain~Prime minister of England, agreed to Hitlers terms in 1938 at munich
conference Herman Goering—Znd in command to hitler. Founded gustapo Joseph Goebbels-Propaganda dude. Considered most intellectual of hitlers inner circle.
Heinrich Himmler-Head of SS, former chicken farmer Reinhard Heydrich- head of SD, bad dude. Main architect of holocaust. Killed by bomb while
driving sports car from villa to prague Ernst Roehm-SA leader Karl von Hindenburg-commander of 6th army Joachim von Ribbentrop- As foreign minister of Germany, concluded the Non Agression act
with Soviet Union V. Molotov—USSR minister of foreign affairs Bernard Law Montgomery- GB. Incharge of establishing positioning for battle of El Alamein.
Got victory over Rommel in Africa. Dwight D. Eisenhower— “Ike” assigned General staff after pearl harbor. Created major war plans
to defeat Japan Erwin Rommel-“Desert Fox” german field marshal]. Very humaine in way he treated POWS
Friedrich von Paulus- Commander of 6th army, fought in Stalingrad, surrendered to USSR
George S. Patton— In charge of third army of US. North Africa campaign George Marshall— Chief of staff. Organized the largest military expansion in US history. Never in combat but was very skilled at organizing. Behind the scenes, respected by most. Stabilizing
force behind US Albert Speer— Minister of Armament and War production, admitted at Nuremberg that 40% of all
POWs were employed inl944 in production of weapons
William L. Shirer- Wrote our text book. Reporter during WWII Leni Riefenstahl- Nazi ﬁlm director, triumph of the will
Eva Braun- Hiltlers wife brieﬂy. Killed herself Battles and Campaigns (you should know the approximate date, the outcome and signiﬁcance of
each) Blitzkrieg on Poland
Blitzkrieg on Western Europe (Netherlands, Belgium, France) Battle of Britain-- Summer and autumn of 1940. First all Air Force battle of WWII. Largest air
raid to day. Churchill said “Battle of France is over but the Battle of Britain is just beginning.”
More on p.774 Battle of the Atlantic- Longest continuous campaign of WWII. Mostly naval with a large
emphasis on U boats Operation Barbarossa- Attack on the USSR June 22, 1941. It consisted on 3 separate German
forces attacking from Baltic sea in the north and black sea in the south. El Alamein- Marked a major turning point in western desert campign. Led by Montgomery.
Ended axis advance into Egypt and threat to suez canal Operation Torch- Nov 1942. Landing forces in 3 major cities in Africa Kursk- Final German strategic offensive mounted in the East. Victory gave Russians strategic
initiative for rest of the war. Operation Overlord- Code name for Battle of Normandy. Operation Market Garden Battle of the Bulge Other Events and Important Terms Nazi Party- German party. Led by hitler. Hated Jews and others “Mein Kampf’- book about Hitlers rise to power Night of the Long Knives-Political murders carried out by Nazi’s on anyone who posed a threat,
june 30 1934 SA- 1920’s and 30’s provided protection for nazi’s at rallys and such SS-means protection squad. Ran by Himmler, largest organization of third reich
SD-intelligence agency of SS (CIA of Nazi) Gestapo- secret police of Nazi Germany Fascist Party-Italy, Mussolini Der Fuehrer- hitlers name for himself. “Father” Il Duce-Mussolini, Italian leader name Pact of Steel- alliance between Germany and Italy and japan Appeasement- avoiding war with nazi, Chamblerlain of England did this Rhineland-ﬁrst aggressive military action of Nazis Sudetenland- Munich Conference of 193 8-conference held in Munich to determine what would happen to
Sudetenland, czech Polish Corridor- Non-Aggression Pact of 193 9—August, 1939. Signed act by Soviet and German saying neither
would attack eachother Blitzkrieg- method of warfare, spearhead or something Tri-Partite Pact-- 3-power act. Axis Pact signed by Nazi, Japan and Italy representatives.
Nuremburg Laws- Nazi idealism of anti—jew stuff “Triumph of the Will”- propaganda movie of Nazi/Hitler giving some speech Kristallnacht- Nov, 193 8. Attacks on Jews in Germany. 91 killed, 30,000 arrested and sent to
concentration camps Concentration Camps- Camps for Jews. Death and slave labor ...
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