Ch. 27 Notes - Chapter 27 The New Order Hitler wanted a...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 27 The New Order Hitler wanted a Nazi ruled Europe Resources exploited from Europe for German profit Un/ermenschen- subhumans (Jews and Slavs) Hitler thought they had no right to live except some as slaves Wanted to erase entire culture of Russians and Poles Himmler (2nd to Hitler) said when addressing SS officers “Whether 10,000 Russian females'fall down from exhaustion while digging an antitank ditch interests me only so far as the antitank ditch for Germany is complete.” (938) October 2, 1940 Poles fate was determined. Hitler said born for low labor, keep standard oflife low and not allow it to rise. Priests will preach what we want them to preach. GERMANY must be the only master. By October 15, Hitler decided Czechs, who were conquered first, would be split in hall‘. half to be slaves working the fields and the other half, the intellectuals, eliminated NEXT SLIDE It was thought if Hitler played situation correctly (religious freedom, economic freedom) Russians could be won over. Germanys hailed as liberators when first invaded Russia People terrorized by Stalin’s tyranny Dr. Otto Brautigam (leader ol‘political department of occupied east territories) wrote report about Nazi’s mistakes. Says when Germany came in, the people saw as liberators but then saw they were second class whites. Also saw treatment of Russian POWs (hundreds of thousands died of cold and hunger in camps). Asked for policy change in Russia Proclaimed Nazi’s would plunder, enslave and colonize. Hitler says to be able to “First, dominate it. Second, to administer it. Third, to exploit it” Germany was obsessed with becoming the master race, when invading Russia it was said that anyone who could count past 100 was too educated and considered an enemy. NEXT SLIDE The Nazi Plunder of Eumpe Total amount will never be known. Huge amount taken not only goods and services but bank notes and gold. End of February 1944, Count Schwerin Von Krosigk (Nazi Finance) put total take at 48 Billion marks (US $12 Billion) of which france was hit hardest End of war, 60 Billion Marks (US $15 Billion) rance- paid over halfol‘ total (31.5 Billion marks) 9 million tons of cereals, 75% of oat production,80% ofoil, 74% of steel totaling 184.5 billion Francs 2/3 of Belgium’s national income, similar with Netherlands Russia-1943. 9 million tons ofccreals, 3 million tons ofpotatoes, 662,000 tons ofmeat (9 million cattle, 12 million pigs, 13 million sheep) totaling 4 billion marks ($1 Billion) Poland— everything squeezed out. Ruthless exploitation of all supplies and slaves to Germany. By May, 1943 700,000 estates, 15 million acres, seized or confiscated and handed over to Germany NEXT SLIDE Art- 'l'aken by Nazi, Hitler’s collection worth over $50 million. Nazi officials report 137 freight cars with 10,890 paintings were taken to West Germany . This was seen as being cruel and against the Geneva Convention war codes due to the fact it was for peronsal gain not in anyway to help with the effects of the war. All together US strategic bombing say 104 billion marks ($26 Billion) of extracted goods and services NEXT SLIDE Slave Labor in the New Order 13nd ofSeptember 1944, 7.5 million civilians enslaved by force. 2 million l’OWs added to labor force, ‘/2 million breaking Geneva Convention rules by making weapons and ammo for the Germans. Children- Not spared ifold enough to work. Kidnapped in some cases. Rosenberg reveals in Russia they had operation “Hay Action” Apprehcnd 40-50 thousand youths 10-14 years old in some cases waiting outside theatres or cinemas and snatching them. NEXT SLIDE The Great Krupp Works Gun, ammo and tank factory Dr. Wilhelm Jacger, Senior Doctor, describes situation First Dr they had seen in months, no medical supplies, working in bare feet. won a sack with holes, no food and flees. Same situation in eastern camps. Worked and slept in same clothes they arrived in. Used blankets as coats in rainy or cold weather. Only 10 children’s toilets available for 1200 inhabitants. Found that people were kept in dog kennels 3 feet high and 9 feet long for nearly halfa year with 5 men in each. No water Farm workers Better conditions than city factories, about 2.5 million people. Slave farm workers were not allowed to complain, vising churches theatres or any other entertainment not allowed. Sexua intercourse with woman and girls is strictly prohibited and punishable by death. No use of publi transportation. «EXT SLIDE Prisoners Of War More Russian POWs than any other, nearly 6 million, barley 1 million alive when liberated by Allied in 1945. 2 million died in German captivity from starvation and disease, the other million plus are unaccounted for. Accourding to Germans, 67,000 executed by 8D (SS secret service.) 3.8 million Russians taken in first phase of invasion between June 21 and December 6, 1941. In letter from Rosenberg, he says ofthe 3.6 million POWs, only a few hundred thousand are able to work due to starvation or hazardous weather. Could have been avoided but most commanders forbid food to be put at disposal of prisoners. Made them march through city to camps. Screening of Russian prisoners made required by SD by Otto Ohlendorf (SD notorious killers) All Jew and communists were to be executed. Heinrich Mueller, chief ofthe Gestapo, noticed 5-10% were arriving to execution camps dead or halfdcad already. He ordered that Russians already marked for death would not even be shipped to execution camps 1943, Himmler changed rule due to the fact war was going to continue longer than expected. Now fed enough to work, 3A million were now working in ammo factories making German weapons Western Prisoners Better treatment for British and Americans but still executions happened. December 17, 1944. 71 Americans slaughtered. Encouraged German civilians to kill western pilots who bailed over Germany. May 21, 1944 Hitler ordered every western flyer gunned down to be shot immediately. NEXT SLIDE Nazi Terror in the Conquered Lands 100-1 rule For every 1 German killed, 100 hostages would be shot La Phare a French paper posted a notice saying a German was murdered and 50 hostages have been ordered to be shot and 50 more in the morning if assassin did not turn himself in. Became familiar in French, Holland, Norway, Poland, and Russian papers In all. 29,660 French hostages were killed plus an additional 40,000 died in prison. 8,000 in Poland and 2,000 in Holland WRITE ON BOARD/NEXT SLIDE Night and Fog Decree Issued by Hitler on December 7, 1941 on conquered territories in the west. Purpose was not to immediately kill a person but to make anyone “endangering German security” vanish into the night with no information given to their families. lts stated the person will be transported to Germany in secret, vanishing without a trace and no info may be given to their late or whereabouts. It is unknown how many victims were taken and few emerged alive. ...
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