Psychology lecture notes week 10, motivation and emotion

Psychology lecture notes week 10, motivation and emotion -...

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I. DEFINITIONS 1. Motivation - Internal processes that serve to activate, guide, and maintain our behavior. In laymen terms you could say it is how much you want to do something. 2. Emotion - These are complex reactions we have and consist of (1) physiological component (BP, HR, etc.), (2) subjective cognitive state (joy, anger, etc.), and (3) expressive reactions (facial expressions, posture, etc.). 3. Related Concepts - Emotions and MOTIVATION are closely related. For example, if your girlfriend or boyfriend just broke up with you, you may feel depressed. Your motivation to do your homework may therefore be decreased. II. THEORIES OF MOTIVATION 1. Instinct Theory - This is the most basic theory that proposes that we are motivated to act in certain ways because we are born with an innate predisposition to act that way. We are aggressive because we are born with an aggressive instinct. An instinct is believed universal in a species. Not everyone is aggressive however. That is a flaw in this theory. 2. Drive Theory - Drive theory is somewhat similar to instinct theory in that it believes there are innate drives to satisfy basic biological needs. When a need is not met it creates an unpleasant state of arousal which we are motivated to decrease. To decrease this state you act in a way to fulfill the need. This too has flaws. For example, how do you explain dieting or eating disorders which leads only to an increase in a basic drive (hunger)? 3. Arousal Theory - This theory proposes that we seek to obtain a level of arousal that is optimal for us in any given situation. Usually this is some moderate level of arousal, you don't want to be too relaxed or too excited. 4. Expectancy Theory - This is based on your cognitive concept of expectancy, your belief that your behavior will yield a certain outcome. When your expectation is for success or something pleasurable, your motivation is high. When the expectation is for failure or something unpleasurable, motivation decreases. For example, say you were considering asking someone for a date. If you expect them to say yes, your motivation to ask them would be high. If you expect them to say no, your motivation would be low.
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  • Fall '11
  • Staff
  • Psychology, Sexual intercourse, Sexual arousal, Orgasm, potent motivator

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