Lesson 2 (Am Rev) - Admin Review Key Themes The US Navy as...

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Admin
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Review
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Key Themes The US Navy as an Instrument of Foreign Policy Interaction with Congress Interservice Relations Technology Leaders Strategy and Tactics US Naval Doctrine over Time The Future
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Sea Power and Maritime Affairs Lesson 1: The American Revolution 1775-1783
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Learning Objectives Comprehend the American Revolution in the context of European politics and the regeneration of the struggle between Great Britain and France. Know and be able to identify the causes of the American Revolution. Comprehend the uses of sea power by the Americans, British and French.
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Learning Objectives Know the course of the war and representative campaigns. Comprehend the relationship of military and naval policy, diplomacy, and strategy as demonstrated during the war.
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European Political Context Results of the Seven Year’s War The Peace of Paris, 1763, was a “truce”, in effect, not a peace. Britain (sea power) and France (land power) potential enemies Rivalry for Empire: N. America, W. Indies, Indian Ocean Britain wants colonials to: Pay costs of Seven Years’ War- British finances seriously depleted Garrison soldiers Proclamation of 1763 Oppressive acts Resulting American Revolution becomes a
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State of Major Power Navies Great Britain Permanent Fighting Instructions --Formal Tactics Limits ability of Admirals to concentrate fleet’s firepower. France Seven Year’s War decimates France’s Navy Navy is rebuilt in conjunction with Spain.
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Two Doctrines Guerre de course : commerce raiding predominant in 19th century Guerre d’escadre : squadron, i.e. naval warfare in line formations predominant in 20th century Since the American Revolution both traditions have competed with one another in American doctrinal thought
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Advantages of Being a Colony Protection Ready market for goods Benefit of imperial trade.
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Disadvantages of Being a Colony All trade supported Britain No trade outside of empire. British set who colonies traded with Different national interests Americans would trade with anyone No voice in policy No say in Parliament
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The Beligerants: Great Britain Advantages Large economy based on world empire Well established government Professional Army Royal Navy is most powerful Navy in the world Disadvantages Long Lines of Communication Fighting on “Foreign” Soil Many hostile nation in Europe Unfamiliar with guerrilla warfare and skirmishing Not enough manpower to occupy the entire 13 Colonies
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The Beligerants: American Colonies Advantages
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  • Spring '14
  • Royal Navy, United States Navy, American navy, Continental Navy

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