Lesson 7 (Civil War overview)

Lesson 7 (Civil War overview) - Admin Review Lesson 7 The...

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Review
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Lesson 7 The Civil War, 1861-1865: On Overview
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Learning Objectives Comprehend the role of the Union Navy in the strategy for the defeat of the Confederacy. Comprehend the role of the Confederate Navy in the strategy for the defeat of the Union. Comprehend the Diplomatic efforts of the South Know the innovations in naval weapons and technology that emerged during the Civil War.
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Remember our Themes! The Navy as an Instrument of Foreign Policy Interaction between Congress and the Navy Interservice Relations Technology Leadership Strategy and Tactics Evolution of Naval Doctrine
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Background
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Fort Sumter
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How did we get there? Slavery 95% in south, 1/3 of total southern population States Rights Sectionalism Tarrifs Election of 1860
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Slavery Dispute between slave and free states over status of western territories. Missouri Compromise - 1820. Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854. Dred Scott Decision - 1857.
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Election of 1860
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Total population 22,100,000 (71%) 9,100,000 (29%) Free population 21,700,000 5,600,000 Slave population, 1860 400,000 3,500,000 Soldiers 2,100,000 (67%) 1,064,000 (33%) Railroad length 21,788 miles (35,064 km) (71%) 8,838 miles (14,223 km) (29%) Manufactured items 90% 10% Firearm production 97% 3% Bales of cotton in 1860 Negligible 4,500,000 Bales of cotton in 1864 Negligible 300,000 Pre-war U.S. exports 30% 70
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Naval Comparison
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A Navy Divided David Glasgow Farragut David Dixon Porter John Ericson John Dahlgren Charles Wilkes Samuel F. DuPont Franklin Buchanan Matthew Fontaine Maury Raphael Semmes
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Balance of Naval Power? Naval Yards Ship Builders Industrial Base Number of Ships Leadership
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Common Operational Heritage War of 1812 — Coastal defense and commerce raiding: Fighting from an inferior position against an enemy that has “command of the sea”. 1815-1846 — Global deployments: Protection of American maritime commerce overseas.
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  • Spring '14
  • American Civil War, union navy, Commerce raiding, U.S. Navy traditions, Union Naval Strategy

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