Psych Seminar Paper

Psych Seminar Paper - Athletic Ability-Intelligence?...

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Athletic Ability—Intelligence? Intelligence and technology are two of the most valued things a person can have today, so they seem to be related. This is mainly because many people today who are in business with technology and those with high intellect seem to earn a lot of money. Therefore, a lot of people aspire to have correlations with these two things, especially when they can have both things together. Technology comes from the innovations of one’s intelligence in manufacturing these new technological advances in society, so intelligence may be viewed by some as a way to manufacture technology. However, this is only the way intelligence is perceived, which may be problematic. This is because the actual idea of intelligence, according to Gardner’s theory, is that there are multiple types, including athletic ability, or “bodily-kinesthetic intelligence.” Yet, athletic ability seems much different from the proverbial “intelligence” that most people view. Therefore, the real question is, is athletic ability a type of intelligence? There are different aspects of athletics that point to this being very plausible, such as the fact that it is a learned attribute that one may excel at after gradual accomplishments coming from much practice and experience. In “The Art of Failure” Malcolm Gladwell presents the idea of athletic ability, as well as other types of general physical performance, as a type of intelligence through the idea of “choking” versus “panicking.” This difference is simply that “choking” is when a person gets anxious and reverts back to his or her original understanding of an event that they may be pursuing, and “panicking” is when a person becomes flustered and basically stops thinking completely. 1
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Gladwell begins his article with an example taken from the 1993 Wimbledon final match between Jana Novotna and Steffi Graf. In this match it seemed as though Novotna had a clear shot to victory (she was only five points away from it) but suddenly she began to fall apart, eventually giving away the match and the tournament. Gladwell credits this common sports phenomenon to the idea of “choking.” In this idea, he states that when an athlete chokes he or
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSYC 103 taught by Professor Taylor during the Fall '07 term at Duquesne.

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Psych Seminar Paper - Athletic Ability-Intelligence?...

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