TEST 3 REVIEW - Introduction Groups and teams are different...

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Introduction Groups and teams are different than solely the skills, abilities, values, and motives of those who comprise them. Groups are essential if leaders are to impact anything beyond their own behavior. Group perspective looks at how different group characteristics can affect relationships both with the leader and among the followers.
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Individuals Versus Groups Versus Teams Team members usually have a stronger sense of identification among themselves than group members do. Teams have common goals or tasks . Task interdependence typically is greater with teams than with groups. Team members often have more differentiated and specialized roles than group members . Teams can be considered as highly specialized groups.
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The Nature of Groups Group : Two or more persons interacting with one another in a manner that each person influences and is influenced by each other person. This definition incorporates the concept of reciprocal influence between leaders and followers. Group members interact and influence each other. The definition does not constrain individuals to only one group.
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Group Size (continued) Additive task : Process losses : Social loafing : Social facilitation : A task where the group’s output simply involves the combination of individual outputs. Inefficiencies created by more and more people working together. Phenomenon of reduced effort by people when they are not individually accountable for their work People increasing their level of work due to the presence of others.
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Group Roles Group roles : Sets of expected behaviors associated with particular jobs or positions . Task role Relationship role Types of role problems: Dysfunctional roles (dominating, blocking, attacking, distracting) Role conflict Intrasender role conflict (conflicting signals from 1 person) Intersender role conflict (conflicting signals from 1+ people) Interrole conflict (conflict from different roles) Person-role conflict (role expectations violate personal values)
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Group Norms Norms : Informal rules groups adopt to regulate and regularize group members’ behavior. Norms are more likely to be seen as important and apt to be enforced if they: Facilitate group survival. Simplify, or make more predictable, what behavior is expected of group members. Help the group to avoid embarrassing interpersonal problems. Express the central values of the group and clarify what is distinctive about the group’s identity.
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Group Cohesion Group cohesion : The glue that keeps a group together. Highly cohesive groups interact with and influence each other more than do less cohesive groups. Greater cohesiveness does not always lead to higher performance.
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  • Spring '14
  • Leaders, Team Effectiveness Leadership, Team Effectiveness Leadership Model

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