IR Chapter 10 Spring 2014 student(1)

IR Chapter 10 Spring 2014 student(1) - CHAPTER 10...

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1 CHAPTER 10 Integration PSC 124 Spring Northrup
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Announcements We’re going out of order a bit Research group presentations start the week after break Quiz the week after break on chapters 10 and 7 2
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3 Today I. Intro to integration Integration theory and definition Examples of integration Costs of integration I. The information revolution and integration II. The European Union III. Costs and tensions related to integration
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4 I. International Integration Supranational institutions vs. nationalism and sovereignty International integration Supranational institutions replace national government, or some elements of government Shifting of sovereignty Collective governance Ultimate would be world government EU as most successful example Remarkable that EU is integrating
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5 Accounting for Increasing Integration: Integration Theory 1 Functionalism Growth of technical organizations that operate across national borders Small to large effects in economics Momentum Hard to stop Contrasts with realism
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6 Neofunctionalism Took idea further – “spillover” to political realm * Three mechanisms: o Positive spillover (economic sector to sector) o Transfer of domestic allegiances o Technocratic automaticity Accounting for Increasing Integration: Integration Theory 2
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7 Examples of Integration Mercosur (economic only) ASEAN (political/security and economic) African Union (political, economic and eventually monetary)
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8 MERCOSUR Current members: Argentina (1991) Brazil (1991) Paraguay (1991) Uruguay (1991) Venezuela (2012) Acceding member: Bolivia (2012) Associate members: Chile (1996) Peru (2003) Colombia (2004) Ecuador (2004) Guyana (2013) Suriname (2013) Observer countries: Mexico Primarily economic
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9 ASEAN Founding members 1967 Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand States that joined later Brunei 1984 Vietnam 1995 Laos 1997 Myanmar 1997 Cambodia 1999 Orange – ASEAN States Yellow – ASEAN Regional Forum Political (security) and economic organization
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African Union All states but Morocco Three states have been suspended because of coups or other political crisis Madagascar just had free elections, 2014 regained membership 10 Political (security), economic and monetary Madagascar's new president is Hery Rajaonarimampianina
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11 II. Globalization and The Information II. Globalization and The Information Revolution Revolution
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Integrative Effect of IT Information as a tool OF governments Propaganda, disinformation, info gathering and dissemination, surveillance Security dilemma less severe Collective goods problems diminished (transparency) Information as a tool AGAINST governments News (e.g. Vietnam War) Tiananmen Square and fax machines Recent South Korean presidential election Stuxnet (state use of ICTs – cyberwar?) *Civil society pressures create impetus toward integration
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13 The Information Revolution:
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