IR Chapter 7-2 Spring 2014 student

IR Chapter 7-2 Spring 2014 student - CHAPTER 7.2...

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1 CHAPTER 7.2 International Organization, Law, and Human Rights PSC 124 Northrup Spring 2014 Judges of the International Criminal Court
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2 Announcement Quiz this week on chapters 10 and 7 International Women’s Day events this  Friday in the Maxwell School – Eggers  Hall
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3 Topics Today I. International law 1. Sources of international law 2. Enforcement 3. International Court of Justice  (World Court)  4. International cases in national courts II. Law, Sovereignty and Human Rights 1. Diplomacy 2. Laws concerning war and just war doctrine  3. Human rights 4. War crimes (International Criminal Court )
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4 I.1 Sources of International Law 1. Treaties 2. Custom 3. General principles of law 4. Legal scholarship Info Sources on International Law: 1)  Cornell University Law School 2)  UN Treaty Reference Guide
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5 I.2 Enforcement of International Law Difficult to enforce compared to national law Enforcement depends broadly on reciprocity  and collective response by countries the power of states to punish the power of states to reward/cooperate sanctions imposed by a group of states, e.g. Libya  (Pan Am Flight 103 - 1988) Weakness of sanctions
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6 I.3 World Court (ICJ) International Court of Justice branch of UN Only states can sue/be sued  Main use  Optional clause – retaining sovereignty US withdrew from the optional clause 1986 (case with Nicaragua) –  only case-by-case basis Judges Panel of 15 judges, 9-year terms Chosen by majority of both SC and GA Permanent members have one judge Can add judge if appropriate for the case Weakness Peace Palace, seat of the ICJ, The Hague,  Netherlands 
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7 Current Composition of Court President: Peter Tomka  (Slovakia) Vice-President: Bernardo  Supulveda-Amor (Mexico) Japan France New Zealand Morocco  Russia  Brazil US  Somalia UK China Italy Uganda India Court Web Site Current Judges
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8 I.4 A Preferred Method: Taking Cases to National Courts What cases: (state must have jurisdiction) Violation occurred on country’s soil Violation occurred against its citizen not on own soil Violation by its own citizens elsewhere in world Advantages (vs. World Court) Enforceable Accessible to individuals, governments, and  companies that do business in US Choice of states
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9 Favorite National Court Venues US a favorite US juries are generous! Possible to collect damages Belgium also popular 1993 law Gave Belgian courts jurisdiction over violations of  Geneva Conventions Geneva Conventions Treatment of wounded and sick on field; and at sea Treatment of POWs Protection of civilians in wartime
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10 Flooding Belgian Courts Both Bushes were subjects of possible war crimes charges under the controversial Belgian law Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon – war crimes charges re 1982 killing of Palestinians in refuge camps
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