IR Chapter 7-1 Spring 2014 student

IR Chapter 7-1 Spring 2014 student - CHAPTER 7.1...

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CHAPTER 7.1 International Organization, Law, and Human Rights PSC 124 Spring 2014 Northrup 1
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Announcements  Quiz this week – chapters 7 and 10 International Women’s Day – Maxwell  celebration Friday this week 2
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International Women’s Day Events 10:30 Adia Benton -- Gender-based Violence Research  (341 Eggers) Noon Sasha Hart -- Making Legal History in the Fight  Against Sexual Violence (220 Eggers) 2:00 Maxwell Alumnae Panel -- Promoting Equality  Locally and Globally (220 Eggers) 4:00 Hauwa Ibrahim -- Women and Shariah: Legal  Strategies for Achieving Justice (220 Eggers) 5:15 Reception -- Strasser Commons 3
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Today I. International order: How do states cooperate? II. Norms III. International Organization: The UN The system Structure History Peacekeeping Challenges and proposed changes *Women and peacekeeping 4
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I. International Order – Based on: International norms Sometimes “just are” – e.g. sovereignty Morality sometimes an element of power Morality claims can lead to conflict vs. stability “Habit ” - practices International institutions – especially useful in times of change Some norms codified into international law 5
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II. International Norms Periods of hegemony can contribute to building of norms Some norms are widely held, legitimacy Sovereignty Adherence to treaties In principle, norm against genocide Some normative issues are controversial Veiling of women FGM Death penalty 6
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*Norms and the Case of FGM Performed on girls before puberty Usually no anesthetic About 4 girls/minute are “circumcised” Cultural, not religious Often unclean conditions Not by medical person Justification – prevents pre-marital sex Females who haven’t had it done often have trouble finding marriage partner 7
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Factors “Shaking Up” International Norms End of Cold War Rapid shifts in economic participation and status of some countries (e.g. China) Information revolution (Arab Spring, defeat of the MAI) Others? Economic globalization – power of IGO’s Climate change Increasing power of MNCs Role of US? Rise of China? 8
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III. International Organizations (IOs) Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) Regional IGOs (EU, ASEAN, African Union) Global IGOs (UN, OPEC) Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) Professional organizations Economic/business orgs Service orgs Political orgs Cultural orgs Religious groups 9
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IOs in the World Today Today 5 times the number of IOs than in 1945 Increasingly citizens, firms and governments cooperate/collaborate across borders Indicator of increasing international interdependence The “end of sovereignty”?
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