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IR Chapter 2-1

Or stability 26 26 great powers today book identifies

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Unformatted text preview: ay Book identifies 7 5 permanent members of UN Security Council Germany and Japan Germany Nuclear weapons GDP 27 27 Diplomats - 5 permanent members of SC 2008 Great-Power Shares of World GDP and Great-Power Military Expenditures Military World Bank 2013 – These 7 countries account for 56% of world’s GDP 28 28 SIPRI Yearbook 2013 - these 7 countries still account for 67% of world expenditures The US – A Waning The Superpower? Superpower? US – current superpower but question as US to whether that status waning to China – world’’s largest population, s remarkably rapid economic growth, and nuclear arsenal; large but not modern military military 29 29 Middle Powers Next level – some factor lessens power What nations are middle powers is more What debatable debatable Some large but not highly industrialized Some small but with special capabilities Global North: Canada, Italy, Spain, Australia, Global South Korea Global South: India, Brazil, Mexico, South Global Africa, Turkey, Israel, Iran, Pakistan, Nigeria Africa, 30 30 7. Power Distribution - Polarity Polarity Multipolar system Multipolar number equality danger? Unipolar war danger? 31 31 Polarity continued Bipolar system Two powers or rival alliance Two blocs blocs Example? Stability? Tripolar system Three great centers of power Rare Why? Future? Future? 32 32 8. Power Transition Theory AFK Organski 1958 (Book World Politics) AFK World Why dominant powers or hegemons use Why power power Enhance stability of system Ensure their security Challengers Who could challenge? When is war most likely? Transition occurs between existing power and Transition challenger challenger Peace when one state firmly in power 33 33 9. Hegemonic Stability Theory Definition of hegemony Hegemonic stability theory Ambivalence of non-hegemon states Ambivalence about the hegemon about Ambivalence inside US about its Ambivalence hegemony hegemony Internationalist vs isolationist mood Unilateralism vs. multilateralism (Iraq) Role of moral leader vs. realism position 34 34 GREAT POWER SYSTEM Dated from Treaty of Westphalia (1648) Treaty that ended Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) Began notion and principles of nation-state Sovereignty Territorial integrity Legal equality Nonintervention Political/religious self-determination Ability of states or coalitions of Ability states to balance power against each other each Oath-Taking of Treaty 35 35...
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