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Theory 10 10 realism morality and power political

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Unformatted text preview: 0 10 Realism, Morality and Power Political power separate from morality Political power trumps morality Also trumps social and economic aspects Also of life (e.g. religion) of Power is central explanatory factor in Power international affairs international 11 11 III. Theorists of Power Politics Thucydides – Greek city states 420 BC Machiavelli – early 1500s Italy Hobbes – English philosopher 1600s Morgenthau – contemporary theorist, Morgenthau Germany and US Germany 12 12 *Thucydides Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), Peloponnesian wrote about relative power among Greek city states Greek "The strong do what they can and the weak "The suffer what they must." "It is a general rule of human nature that people "It despise those who treat them well, and look up to those who make no concessions." 13 13 *Machiavelli The Prince, 1517 – a study of 1517 power, desire for an independent Italy power, Denied the relevance of morality in political Denied affairs Held that craft and deceit are justified in Held pursuing and maintaining political power In the arena of power the end justifies the means “In the actions of men... when there is no court of In appeal, one judges by the result” appeal, 14 14 *Thomas Hobbes English philosopher 1600s Leviathan In state of nature, life is “solitary, In poor, nasty, brutish, and short” poor, A “war of all against all” Man as mushroom! Or billiard ball Humans can coexist only by creating Humans government (the leviathan) government 15 15 *Hans Morgenthau 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Politics Among Nations, 1948 Politics 1948 Politics governed by objective laws Concept of interest defined in terms of Concept power power Power = control of man over man Aware of tension between morality and Aware successful political action successful Realist believes that interest/power serve Realist as a check against “moral excess” and “political folly” “political 16 16 IV. Understanding Power: Defining Power Traditional PSC definition Power OVER Influence Relational Capability 17 17 Power as Capability GDP – best single measure Material (tangible) sources: Number of tanks Natural resources Territory Population Hard power Non-material (intangible) sources: National will, nationalism Leader’s legitimacy and skill Power of ideas (national identity, religion) Information Soft power 18 18 Comparative Worth of Elements of Comparative Power Power Realists see military capacity as primary in Realists shor...
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