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Unformatted text preview: coercion, mutually agreed upon” (government) 12
12 Particular Problem in IR In international arena there is no central authority to enforce the common (international) good
Strong impetus for states to protect sovereignty and own interests
In tension with the need for international cooperation
E.g. dealing with climate change, human rights within borders (Syria)
Children who survived chemical attack in Syria Three Principles Offer Solution to
Collective Goods Problem Dominance – power hierarchy, hegemon
Reciprocity – rewards and punishments in response to behavior of others
• At core of IR, basis of IR norms Identity – investment in outcomes for other members of your community; willingness to “sacrifice”
14 III. Concepts of Nation and
State State (country): • Territorial entity
• Population • Sovereignty Nation: Tunisia’s coats of arms & flag • Group of people – shared sense of identity
• Common identity
• Shared fate Hopi people of Arizona 15
15 Nation-States/Post-colonial Era Nationstate: • Shared identity coincides with state
• Nationalism Decolonization: War in Kosovo – Cold War state of Yugoslavia may have held off ethnic rivalries • Colonization – created “prestates” with competing national identities
• Authoritarian governments held off ethnic conflict OR historically peaceful relations turn to conflict via politics
• Decolonization – eruption of conflict 16
16 Examples – Nations, Sta...
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This document was uploaded on 03/27/2014 for the course PSC 124 at Syracuse.
- Spring '07
- International Relations