IR Chapter 5-1 Spring 2014 student

IR Chapter 5-1 Spring 2014 student - International Conflict...

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1 International Conflict Chapter 5.1 PSC 124 Northrup Spring 2014
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Reminders n Quiz #3 next week – chs. 5 and 6 n First exam on the following Monday – March 3 n Study guide for the exam is posted on Blackboard n Review for exam in sections next week (come with questions) 2
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3 Overview § [Types of war (book)] I. Theories about the causes of war - Four levels of analysis II. Conflicts of ideas: ethnic conflict
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4 I. What Causes War? Pearl Harbor Skulls of victims of the Khmer  Rouge, Cambodia Darfur Battle of Chancellorsville, US  civil war Nagasaki Child soldier,  Sierra Leone
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5 Theories: Individual Level n Organized around levels of analysis n Individual level ¡ Leaders behave rationally – can achieve more by war than other means (realist view) ¡ Leaders behave irrationally – cognitive bias, groupthink, “crazy leaders” (e.g. Idi Amin) n Neither theory holds up well ¡ Wars “caused” by both kinds of leaders ¡ Neither a reliable predictor of war
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6 DPRK – Crazy Leader? Regimentation Photo: Stuart Thorson, SU Political Science
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7 Theories about War: The Domestic Level n Characteristics of states or societies that make them more prone to violence n Aggressive capitalists? Totalitarian communists? Militaristic N. Koreans? n Democracy leads to peace? n Again, none of these is particularly powerful as an explanation or predictor
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8 North Korea – Militarization Photo: Stuart Thorson, SU Political Science
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9 Theories about War: The Interstate Level n War -> power relations (realist view) n Power transition theory n Deterrence n Theory of arms races n Trade prevents war n Inequities produced by trade system can cause war n Again, theories contradict each other, aren’t great predictors US Tank Brigade WWII
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10 Theories about War: The Global Level n War is cyclical n
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