IR Chapter 3-2 Spring 2014 student

IR Chapter 3-2 Spring 2014 student - Liberal Social...

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1 Liberal & Social Theories Chapter 3.2 PSC 124 Spring 2014 Northrup
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Announcements Quiz next week – chapters 3 and 4 Ambassador Cooke – Monday next week 2
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Today I. Peace Studies II. Postmodernism III. Gender Theories 3
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4 I. Peace Studies Challenges both realism and liberalism Shift away from only interstate level Considers broad conception of social relations at other levels (individual, domestic, global), with peace at the center Interdisciplinary Considers possibility for transformation of society (an international community, sense of world citizenship) Peace is related to Justice Productive conflict resolution Economic fairness Status of women and identity groups Cross cultural understanding
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5 Peace Studies Questions focus on: Conflict at individual/group level Conflict reduction processes Mediation (*** use MY definition) Arbitration Negotiation Militaristic and peaceful attitudes Social change and positive peace Social movements e.g. peace movement Nonviolent action
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6 Conflict Reduction Process How can the conflict reduction process be improved – focus on or create mutual interests Mediation Shuttle diplomacy – Kissinger Middle East Camp David Accords – Carter and ME Arbitration (WIPO) Citizen-to-citizen diplomacy (SU-N. Korea project) Negotiation principles (e.g. confidence building: fractionation , linkage )
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7 Militarism Where do militaristic and peaceful attitudes come from? Militarism as an idea - glorification of war (example by Hirsi Ali re Somalia; Hitler’s Germany ) Militarism as structuring of society – military-industrial complex (Eisenhower) Characteristics of peaceful societies Ayaan Hirsi Ali
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8 Positive Peace How can we construct positive, sustainable peace? Positive peace – resolves underlying reasons for war through transformation of society, by… 1. Removing structural violence 2. Eliminating militaristic culture 3. Building structures of peaceful conflict resolution 4. Creating justice
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9 Social Movements How do social movements, such as peace movements, contribute to change? Target certain issues – the draft, Vietnam war, Iraq war, Keystone pipeline , WTO meetings Through protest, education Sway public opinion Keystone pipeline protest in Texas November 2012 Famous photo of Vietnam war protest
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10 Iraq War Protest Lt. Ehren Watada Refused deployment to Iraq March in DC sponsored by United for Peace and Justice. According to
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