Lecture notes chapter 6, STD's

Lecture notes chapter 6, STD's - Chapter 6 provides an...

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Chapter 6 provides an overview of the principle (most typical) sexually transmitted diseases in America and the impact these diseases play on a personal, social, and economic basis. The chapter also provides some discussion on prevention and treatment of the sexually transmitted diseases. The objectives for this chapter include: 1. List at least five major risk factors for contracting an STD 2. Describe how to practice safer sex and some common barriers to practicing it 3. List the 11 infections in North America that are most commonly transmitted by sexual contact 4. Identify the causative agents, symptoms, and treatments for the following STDs: trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital herpes, and anogenital warts 5. List the risk factors for becoming HIV infected 6. Describe the tests for HIV and AIDS More than 25 sexually transmitted infectious organisms can be passed from person to person through various sexual activities. Thre are 11 common STDs in North America (a.k.a. Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Bacterial STIs are curable and include Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. Viral STIs are incurable but treatable and include HIV, Genital Herpes, and Genital Warts. Others types are curable and include protozoa, fungi, and various types of parasites. Some 19 million people in North America are infected every year - rates of infection are only second to the common cold. Approximately ½ are in people under age 25 and the medical treatments cost over 20 billion dollars each year. The STD epidemic is considered to be “hidden” epidemic due to the fact they are seldom discussed between partners due to a fear of: rejection, offending others, and spoiling the erotic mood. The public health consequences of STIs include: Women, men, and infants affected Presence of STIs increases HIV risk Untreated STIs may have serious consequences including death! Infertility/ sterility Untreated Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) causes 15% of women’s infertility Ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage Blindness Cancer, heart disease There are disparities among groups, for example Women contract STDs more easily, most new cases occur in people age 15-24, and African-Americans, Hispanics, American Indian/Alaska Natives infected at higher rates than non-Hispanic Whites. The behavioral factors contributing to STD transmission include: Beginning sexual activity at an early age Multiple sex partners High-risk sex partners who have multiple partners High risk sexual behavior (see red light behaviors below) Anal intercourse, paying for sex, one-night stands The behavioral risk factors contributing to STD transmission include: 1. incorrect and inconsistent condom use 2. substance abuse 3. forced sexual intercourse 4. lack of knowledge about STIs
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5. having multiple sexual partners - 20% of unmarried adults have more than one sexual partners in a year. Many in a sexually exclusive relationship have sex with other partners.
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  • Spring '14
  • Queen
  • Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior

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