literaturereview - Threeyearsago,,Icouldnt .Afterwatching ,...

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Three years ago, when I sat in front of a tiny laptop using iMovie editing my fisrt video, I couldn’t help falling in love with editing ­ a technique combining sound and image together. After watching hundreds of films and finishing several projects, I have been more and more familiar with editing. At the same time, I am pretty sure that working as an editor is part of my career plan in the future. However, I’ve never thought about what kind of role editing plays in films and videos, how people develop different editing skills and how editing does narrative. Even I ensure that editing is important, but how? With this question, I started to re­watched the films I had before and read different journals and books, in order to find out the answers to the question. In “the story of films”, Mark Cousins mentions the significant emerge of editing. He describes the technique of editing as a “stranger” to film industry and editing makes what people looking at “suddenly disappears and replaced by something different”(Cousins 29). His description of the emerge of editing also proves the importance of editing: “Melies realized the magic of this and by 1898 multi­shot ’edit’ ­ film started to appear. The grammar, choreography, grace or poetry of cutting ­ what would or would not jar visually, giving meaning to this transition ­ was a little way ahead. The century would have to turn and another brainy, antsy character, Edwin S Porter, would need to stumble through the possibilities of cutting and come out the other end with some rules or, rather, norms.”(Cousins 30). Cousins, Mark: The Story of Film. New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2004. Edwin Porter was the first one found the function of editing by putting two different shots together and finding the combination of two shots could create a narrative. In “The Early Cinema of Edwin Porter”, Charles Musser discusses how Edwin Porter made film “talk” by developing a natural film language ­ editing. He points out Porter’s editing can make people see clearly of “the tension between these two conflicting impulses”(Musser 3).He analyses the editing skills of “ Life of an A merican Fireman” and points out that the technique of intercutting two shots that are not related to each other not is the key strategy that can make film start narrative and create emotional impact on the audience. Musser, Charles: “The Early Cinema of Edwin Porter”, Cinema Journal, Fall 1979, Vol 19, Issue 1, p1­p38. After a decade of Edwin Porter, D.W.Griffith started to advance the storytelling tools which had developed by Edwin Porter, in order to entense the psychological punch to the audience by editing different unrelated shots together. His film The Birth of a Nation casts a particularly long shadow over film history both because of it established the basic grammar of film like seamless editing and rapid cross­cutting and because of the enduring controversy over its racist legacy. In
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  • Spring '12
  • PeterHaratonik
  • Media, D. W. Griffith

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