DePaul Paper on Nietzsche

DePaul Paper on Nietzsche - Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich...

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Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Wilhem Nietzsche was a 19 th century German philosopher, who not only challenged the infrastructure of traditional morality, literature, and Christianity through his opinions and writings, but he was a man who was gravely misunderstood and unappreciated during his time. He was born into a sexually repressed family 1844 in a small town in Germany (Gianoulis 1). His father was a Lutheran pastor who died early in Nietzsche’s life leaving him in a family filled with women without any strong male influences including that of a father or an uncle to guide his upbringing as a man. After the death of his father and eventually his brother, his family was uprooted to Naumburg. He attended one of the most prestigious all boys’ boarding schools called Schulpforta where he made many distinguished lifelong acquaintances (Wicks 4). After his graduation in 1864, Nietzsche attended the University of Bonn where he studied theology and philology, a discipline which then centered upon the interpretation of classical and biblical texts (Wicks 5). After about a year of studies, at the risk of angering his mother, Nietzsche began focusing more of his studies on philology, eventually making it his main concentration due to his loss of faith (Schaberg 32). He started philology under Professor Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl. He eventually followed Ritschl to the University of Leipzig. He began to write soon after starting studies at the university. His new friendship with Schopenhauer, he was encouraged to look beyond just philology and he continued his schooling more so in philosophy. In a bold and important career move, with the great influence of Ritschl, Nietzsche became professor of philology at the Swiss University of Basel at the surprising age of 24
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without even graduating. Just before he started teaching, he met the German composer Richard Wagner, who was to be the first of his many love interests (or rather presumed love interests). Wagner and Nietzsche became close and fast friends because of their shared interest in philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer and music. Their relationship deeply affected Nietzsche so much that even 20 years later; he mentioned Wagner’s significance in his writings. In 1872, all of his enthusiasm for Schopenhauer, his philological background, his deep interest in evolution, his friendship with Wagner, and his irritation with modern German society led Nietzsche to compile his thoughts into his first published book, Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste de Musik (The Birth of Tradegy) (Wicks 1) . At this point in his life, Nietzsche had refused citizenship in Prussia and Switzerland and
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DePaul Paper on Nietzsche - Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich...

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