Music Appreciation - Program Music - Dr Esther Morgan-Ellis...

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Dr. Esther Morgan-Ellis Music Appreciation - Notes Program Music - What is program music. Instrumental music that tells a specific story. o It might describe a course of events or a scene. Usually accompanied by a text. - Sometimes the individual movements have evocative - No vocal parts - No ballet music Spring - A violin concerto by Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741). - Part of a four-concerto cycle known as the four seasons. - The others naturally are summer autumn and winter. - Program music because it corresponds with a - Music in the Baroque era. Roughly 1600-1750. Baroque means “irregular” intended as an insult. Doctrine of the Affections : the beliefs that music can and should inspire genuine emotion in the listener. Usually very little contrast; one emotion per piece. Beginnings of harmony as we understand it today. Long, irregular phrases, chugging rhythms. Basso Continuo (remember from Orfeo) o Solo melodies accompanied by keyboard and melodic bass instruments. - Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) - Lived in Venice - Trained as a Catholic Priest Known as “The Red Priest” because of his hair. - Worked in a girl’s orphanage. The Pio Ospidale della Pieta. Many of the girls were the illegitimate offspring of noblemen (so the orphanage was well-funded). Vivaldi trained the girls in music so that they would be suitable for marriage. - Life at the Pio Ospidale della Pieta The girls all studied vocal and instrumental music, and many became highly- skilled virtuosos. Some aristocrats’ parents arranged for their daughters to train at the orphanage because it was the best education in music available. The girls gave a concert every Sunday evening (disguised as the Vespers service); very popular. To protect their chastity they sat in balconies way up and away from the audience. - Vivaldi’s duties a the Pio Ospidale della Pieta
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In adition to training girls in performance on the violin He was famous for his outstanding person, never crossed lines with the girls - A concerto is a work for orchestra and a soloist or a group of soloists (concerto grosso). - Invented in Italy in the 17 th century. - How does a concerto work. - In Vivaldi’s time, instrumental music was just becoming important. - Until the late 17 th century only vocal music was written down. - Instrumental music was often improvised or else instrumentalists played vocal music. - The only instrumental music written down was for dancing. - Each of the four seasons concertos corresponds with a sonnet the words to which were printed directly in the score in the 1725 edition. 2-25-14 Symphonie Fantastique - A programmatic symphony by Hector Berlioz (1803-69) - Premiered in 1830 when Berlioz was 26 - Combines literary influence with episodes from Berlioz’s own life - Example of romantic-era subjectivity - Fantastique supernatural, strange, grotesque.
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  • Fall '13
  • EstherMorgan-Ellis
  • Music, Symphony, Hector Berlioz, Program music, Symphony No. 5

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