Music Appreciation - Music for the Theater

Music Appreciation - Music for the Theater - Dr Esther...

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Dr. Esther Morgan-Ellis Music Appreciation - Notes 1-16-14 Music for the Theater The Rite of Spring - Ballet: developed in the 17 th -century France - Died out in France, preserved in Russia - Narrative but without any words - Sergei Diaghilev and the Ballet Russes In 1909 he brings a Russian Ballet to Paris. - Igor Stravinsky 1910: Firebird. 1911: Petrushka. 1913: The Rite of Spring. - The Rite of Spring Premiered in Paris in 1913 - Rioting at Theatre des Champs-Elysees - Why? Partly the music, mostly the dancing - Neoprimitivism: Stravinsky’s last work in this style - Neoclassicism: response to the Great War, the characteristic style of the 1920’s Pulcinella - Stravinsky’s musical style: Ostinatos Layering Musical units Rhythmic irregularity Sudden endings - Stravinsky’s musical style: Tonal or Atonal Polytonal - The Ballet: No plot, just a series of rituals and dances. Two parts I. The Adoration of the Earth II. The Sacrifice Ends with the “Sacricial Dance” - A true picture of pagan life? Stravinsky’s use of folk tunes - The choreography: Created by Vaslav Nijinsky Perfectly coordinated with the music Lots of stomping and jumping, not graceful - The sets and costumes
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1-21-14 Appalachian Spring - Composed as a ballet - Premiered in 1944 - Commissioned by the dancer and choreographer Martha Graham Active for over 70 years, huge influence on dance. - “Americana” in music – has an American sound Antonin Dvorak (late 19 th century. Antonin Dvorak kind of started the first “Americana” music. Charles Ives (early 20 th century… sort of) Aaron Copland (mid 20 th century) Aaron Copland was the first successful professional Americana musician - Aaron Copland (1900 – 1990) Born in Brooklyn, decided at a young age to become a composer Studied composition in France, (Paris) Studied under Nadia Boulanger Struggled at first to find his voice Early jazz-inspired compositions rejected Believed that the American artist should reflect “the ideas of American democracy” Preferred to produce “useful” music - Ballets on American themes Billy the Kid (1938) Rodeo (1942) - Opera on an American theme The Tender Land (1954) - Other well-known works Fanfare for the Common Man ” (1942) Lincoln Portrait ” (1942) - Appalachian Springs - Scenario in Fourteen Movements - What makes the music “American”? Mostly a history of associations
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The spacious sound of open sonorities “Prairie Music” The use of American folk music (“Simple Gifts”) - Different versions The original ballet score for chamber ensemble The suite for chamber ensemble The suite for full orchestra The original ballet score for full orchestra - The opening (suite for full orchestra) Stayagraha - An opera, premiered in 1979 - Composed by Philip Glass (b. 1937) - Commissioned by the city of Rotterdam in the Netherlands - Minimalism Not an attempt to produce “Americana” music, but most certainly and American phenomenon
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  • Fall '13
  • EstherMorgan-Ellis
  • Music, Igor Stravinsky, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, musical style, The Nutcracker, original ballet score

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