Métis summary - According to George Simpson the Mtis were...

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According to George Simpson, the Métis were people who failed to adapt to a civilized and capitalistic way of life. However, according to historians, The Métis people adapted to market opportunities provided by the HBC very early and after the mid-1840s, they adapted to market opportunities provided by the their competitors as well. Pemmican (dried buffalo meat) was the main part of the fur traders’ diet. The Métis people’s main trade was pemmican. They became skilled at the hunting of buffalo and the production of pemmican. The production of pemmican was probably the first industry west of the great lakes. The Métis people progressed rapidly and in 1840, 1210 carts left Red River, returning with one million pounds of meat. Women played an important role in the production process
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Unformatted text preview: of pemmican. Gradually, the Métis people left trading in pemmican and started to produce and trade buffalo robes as it was more profitable. Some Métis bought prepared robes and then sold it to Hudson’s Bay Company. A lot of the Métis people took advantage of other spin-offs from the buffalo trade. The manufacture and sale of Red River carts assumed heightened importance throughout the 1850s and 1860s. Métis specialized in freighting goods to St. Paul and soon this extended to the buffalo hunt itself, where they began to hire wage labors to hunt and for robe production. As buffaloes because scarce around Red River, the Métis left to the Great Plains, where they would be able to hunt and trade permanent....
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  • Fall '11
  • Stevenson
  • Hudson's Bay Company, Red River, Metis, Métis people

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