Notes classification - Bacterial Reproduction Genetic...

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Bacterial Reproduction: Genetic Change ON AP TEST -binary fission-most common, asexual, replicate DNA and divide -transformation-uptake naked DNA from environment -put in heat: open cell wall, let DNA get in there, in cold-closed cell wall, able to reproduce -Transduction: viruses transfer bacterial genes -may give it a new piece of DNA (taken from previous host on accident) -conjugation: use pilli to transfer a fertility plasmid from a competent bacteria to a receptor -positive (male), negative (female): only male can deliver DNA, female gets fertility plasmid, turns positive and into competent bacteria Claudiogram: like on practice AP free response Miscellaneous: -viroid: naked RNA (plants-messes up protein synthesis=decrease productivity) -prion: protein particle attacks nervous system (mad cow disease) Virus: -host range determined by glycoproteins -2 parts: capsid (protein coat) and genome (DNA or RNA single or double stranded) -Retro virus: genome is RNA delivered to host cell, enzyme reverse transcryptase makes strand
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