Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Infancy Cognitive Development Truth...

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Chapter 6: Infancy- Cognitive Development Truth or Fiction? For 2-month-old infants, “out of sight” is “out of mind.” (T) A 1-hour-old infant may imitate an adult who sticks out his or her tongue (T) Psychologists can begin to measure intelligence in infancy (T) Infant crying is a primitive form of language (F) You can advance children’s development of pronunciation by correcting their errors (F) Children are “prewired” to listen to language in such a way that they come to understand rules of grammar (T) Cognitive Development (Piaget) Cognitive Development- Jean Piaget o Cognitive Development focuses on the development of children’s ways of perceiving and mentally representing the world o Schemes What Piaget labeled children’s concepts o Assimilation How children “fit” new ideas into existing schemes o Accommodation When children modify schemes to accept new ideas What is the Sensorimotor Stage of Cognitive Development? o Refers to the first to 2 years of cognitive development o Development through sensory and motor activity in the absence of language o Infants progress from reflex responses to goal-oriented behavior Form mental representations Hold complex pictures of past events in mind Solve problems by mental trial and error What are the Parts or Substages of the Sensorimotor Development? o Piaget divided the sensorimotor stage into 6 substages Each stage characterized by more complex behavior than the preceding But continuity from substage to substage o 6 SUBSTAGES of Sensorimotor Development: 1. Simple reflexes Birth to 1 month Modify reflexes based on experience (e.g. adapt (accommodate) patterns of sucking to the shape of the nipple and the rate of flow of fluid) 2. Primary circular reactions 1 to 4 months; characterized by the beginnings of the ability to coordinate various schemes (do not distinguish between themselves and external world)
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Primary= focus on infant’s own body Circular= repeated behaviors Therefore…primary circular reactions are the repetition of actions that first occur by chance and focus on the infant’s own body What are the Parts or Substages of the Sensorimotor Development? o 3. Secondary Circular Reactions 4 to 8 months; shift in the focus of the actions with initial cognitive awareness that schemes influence external world Secondary= focus on objects or environmental events Track moving objects until they disappear from view o 5. Coordination of Secondary Schemes 8 to 12 months Coordinate schemes to attain specific goals Beginning of intentionally and means-end differentiation and begin to imitate others o 7. Tertiary Circular Reactions 12 to 18 months; behavior takes on experimental quality Overt trial and error behaviors in problem solving o 9. Invention of New Means Through Mental Combinations 18 to 24 months; engage in deferred imitation and symbolic play
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  • Fall '12
  • KerriKerns
  • Psychology, Theory of cognitive development

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