Psy270Exam1Answers - Exam 1 1(1 defined primarily by...

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Exam 1 1. (1) defined primarily by phenotypic features (e.g., skin tone, hair color) (2) race is determined by gene frequency (3) BUT, many times it is a social construct (concept society has created) (4) has nothing to do with culture 2. only 3 major races exist: Caucasoid, Mongoloid, and Negroid 3. shared race (not always necessary) and unique social and cultural heritage (common set of practices, values, and beliefs) 4. being a member of a specific nation by birth or citizenship 5. similar to nationality: Irish American, African American 6. they CAN impact behavior and/or internal psychological aspects such as identity 7. ????? 8. (1) understand behavior: when? why? predict (2) make people’s life better 9. (1) theories and research are universal (apply to everyone) (2) But most psychological research used to be conducted in middle class, EA families or college students 10. (1) study of cultural similarities and differences across different national contexts (2) objective: understand human behavior within a global perspective 11. How does living in a different culture affect adolescent identity? 12. study of cultural and socio cultural influences on behavior 13. how does being an ethnic minority in US affect identity explanation? 14. multicultural and cross cultural psychologies assume that theories and research are universal, but also culture-specific 15. 16. a problem of adapting to our context to meet a basic biological and/or social need 17. (1) ecological factors: geography, climate, natural resources (e.g., no resources and cold teamwork and community spirit) (2) social factors: population density, technology, type of government, media, religion (e.g., higher population density more social order) 18. (1) unique meaning and information system shared by a group and transmitted across generations (2) allows group to meet basic needs, pursue happiness and derive life meaning
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19. (1) ethnic groups (2) national groups (3) religious groups 20. (1) nationality (2) ethnicity (3) gender (4) sexual orientation (5) not race 21. (1) objective culture: objective or physical elements (e.g., clothes, architecture, food, art) (2) subjective culture: subjective or psychological elements (e.g., values, attitudes, beliefs) 22. (1) observable behaviors (e.g., how we show or don’t show emotion) (2) cultural world views: specific attitudes, beliefs, opinions, and values about the world (e.g., what is good parenting?) 23. (1) learned (2) individuals either adopt or reject cultural values 24. Urie Bronfenbrenner 25. it simulates scenarios that aren’t common 26. ecology of human development: scientific study of mutual accommodation, throughout the lifespan, between a growing human organism and the changing immediate environment in which it lives 27. proximal processes: (1) occurs through interactions between an individual and
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  • Summer '13
  • MariaEspinosa-Hernandez
  • Psychology, Sociology, European American infants, strong indian identity

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