Psy270Exam3Answers - Exam 3 1 tasks that cultures select...

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Exam 3 1. tasks that cultures select for their members 2. competencies; essential; culture 3. (1) US middle class families: school success (2) Mayan children in rural Mexico: adult work and self sufficiency (3) child candy sellers in Brazil: math skills 4. (1) operant conditioning: rewards/punishments (2) social (cognitive) learning (observation) (3) sociocultural theory: interaction with knowledgeable members of own cultural group 5. (1) process by which people learn and internalize the rules and patterns in their own society (2) focuses on actual processes and mechanisms 6. (1) societal norms (2) attitudes (3) values (4) belief systems 7. starts early (first day of life) 8. (1) products of the socialization process (subjective psychological aspects of culture that become internalized through development) (2) language, values, accent 9. (1) people, institutions, and organizations that exist to help ensure that socialization occurs (2) family, schools, government 10. natural environment (e.g., rural vs. urban) and SES often influence how households are structured, which influences how parents raise their children (e.g., goals), which influences children’s behavior and personality 11. low dependency; at home; food providers 12. high dependency; stay at home; food providers 13. (1) parental cultural belief systems (2) larger culture is filtered through this belief system (3) influence parenting practices (4) organize daily life for children and families 14. American Parents Dutch Parents Ethnotheory Importance of spending special time with children Importance of spending family time Parenting Practice Focus on attending to the needs of a particular child Focus on spending time as a family Daily Routine Create time for an activity with the child outside of the home Create time to sit down for dinner every night 15. (1) Psychological Care of Infant and Child (2) Watson
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(3) he could make anything out of any child 16. (1) wrote Baby and Child (2) was more flexible and affectionate than Watson 17. (1) came up with democratic parent (2) first to talk about warmth and demandingness 18. came up with authoritative parenting 19. (1) acceptance and involvement (warmth) (2) control (3) autonomy granting 20. (1) authoritarian (2) permissive (3) authoritative: best (4) uninvolved: worst 21. (1) high acceptance (2) high involvement (3) adaptive control (4)appropriate autonomy 22. (1) low acceptance (2) low involvement (3) high control (4) low autonomy 23. (1) high acceptance (2) too low or too high involvement (3) low control (4) high autonomy 24. (1) low acceptance (2) low involvement (3) low control (4) indifferent to autonomy 25. (1) most common and associated with best child outcomes (2) child has positive mood, self-reliance, self-confidence, high emotional and social skills, and secure attachment 26. (1) least common and associated with worst outcomes (2) child is non-compliant and demanding 27. child is anxious, withdrawn, lacks spontaneity and intellectual curiosity 28. child is immature, has difficulty controlling impulses and acting independently 29. affection, acceptance, and involvement 30. physical and psychological verbalizations and behaviors which focus on
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