11 lower 023 defendantrace white black deathpenalty 0

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Unformatted text preview: es, it is difficult to determine whether either of them truly causes the response, because the variable’s effect could be at least partly due to its association with the other variable. a. White victim: b. Black victim: Defendant Race White Black Death penalty 0.11 (lower) 0.23 Defendant Race White Black Death penalty 0 (lower) 0.03 No death penalty a. It is possible that those who exercised more were younger, and 0.89 that rather than exercise was responsible for the...
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