Lecture 3 PSY220 Social Cognition and Attribution (2013) shortened for PDF white

Guide a5en2on 2 inuence memory 3 provide us with

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Unformatted text preview: tched a video of a husband and wife having dinner together. •  ½ of par2cipants told that woman was librarian •  ½ told that woman was a waitress •  Later, took quiz assessing their memories •  Some features fit schema of waitresses, others of librarians Results Drinking wine Received history book as a gic Drinking beer Received romance novel as a gic 4 Things Schemas Do 1.  Guide a5en2on 2.  Influence memory 3.  Provide us with “scripts” so that we know what to expect Scripts A schema that describes the expected sequence of events in a well- known situa2on, such as going to a restaurant What if we don’t have a script for something? 4 Things Schemas Do 1.  Guide a5en2on 2.  Influence memory 3.  Provide us with “scripts” so that we know what to expect 4.  Profoundly influence our behaviour Self- Fulfilling Prophecy Something that happens when we: (a)  have an expecta(on about what another person is like, which … (b) influences how we act toward that person, which … (c)  causes that person to behave consistently with our original expecta2ons Elementary School Study •  IQ test given to all students in school •  Teachers are told that some students scored high •  “Bloomers” were in fact chosen randomly •  How did the bloomers and the other students...
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2014 for the course PSY 220 taught by Professor Platz during the Spring '11 term at University of Toronto.

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