Lecture 3 PSY220 Social Cognition and Attribution (2013) shortened for PDF white

The quesaons were ambiguous athle2c wins losses 90

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Unformatted text preview: of explaining events 1.  Internal vs. external: Is the cause about the self or the other people or the situa2on? 2.  Stable vs. unstable: Will the cause be present again in the future? 3.  Global vs. specific: Will the cause influence other areas of their lives? Let’s Say You Fail an Exam Internal “I’m such a dummy.” External “That was the pickiest set of quesAons I’ve ever seen.” Let’s Say You Fail an Exam Stable “I’m just no good.” Unstable “The cold medicine I was taking made me groggy.” Let’s Say You Fail an Exam Global “I’m so stupid.” Specific “I’m just not that good at psychology.” Pessimis2c Style •  Explain nega2ve events in terms of internal, stable, and global causes •  Explain posi2ve events in terms of external, unstable, and specific causes. Op2mis2c Style •  Explain nega2ve events in terms of external, unstable, and specific causes •  Explain posi2ve events in terms of internal, stable, and global causes 3 Ques2ons 1.  What kinds of a5ribu2ons do we make? 2.  How do we make a5ribu2ons? Focus on 3 Factors in the SituaAon 1.  Is the behaviour freely chosen? 2.  Is the behaviour inconsistent with your social role? 3.  Is the behaviour socially undesirable? Free Choice You decide to stay home and read a book on a Friday night. Do we know more about you if you stayed home: 1.  Because you wanted to? 2.  Because you were forced to (maybe you were grounded)? Social Role Inconsistency...
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