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Lecture 3 PSY220 Social Cognition and Attribution (2013) shortened for PDF white

What are schemas what are heuris2cs heuris2cs

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Unformatted text preview: do in school? Teachers said that. . . They spent slightly less 2me with the students labeled as bloomers than the “other” students Teachers actually . . . 1.  Gave bloomers more personal a5en2on, encouragement, and support 2.  Gave bloomers more material to learn and material that is more difficult 3.  Gave bloomers more and be5er feedback on their work 4.  Gave bloomers more opportuni2es and a longer 2me to respond Who Got Smarter? 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% "Bloomers" 30% Other students 20% 10% 0% 10 IQ points 20 IQ points 30 IQ points Recap •  We are cogni2ve misers •  Schemas help us make sense of the world •  But they can lead to important biases •  They influence how we feel and what we do •  They can be self- fulfilling Social Cogni2on •  What is the key premise of social cogni2on? •  What are schemas? •  What are heuris2cs? Heuris2cs Mental shortcuts that people use to make judgments quickly, though some2mes inaccurately, for decisions about uncertain events Class Poll Which series of coin tosses is more likely? a.  Sequence A: HHTTHTHTTH b.  Sequence B: HHHHHTTTTT c.  The sequences are equally likely Representa2veness Heuris2c The tendency to judge the frequency or likelihood of an event by the extent to which it resembles the typical case Why Knowing about this Ma5ers •  A pa2ent comes into the office and complains of all the things that a person with angina would complain of, but he was the picture of...
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