Civ-Crim-Notes.docx - lOMoARcPSD|3077030 Hd grade detailed...

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lOMoARcPSD|3077030Hd grade detailed notes for entire laws398courseCivil and Criminal Procedure (Macquarie University)
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lOMoARcPSD|3077030Criminal and Civil ProcedureContentsIntroduction to criminal procedure.......................................................................................................1Criminal Process I..................................................................................................................................6Criminal Process II...............................................................................................................................15Police Powers......................................................................................................................................31Bail......................................................................................................................................................51Sentencing...........................................................................................................................................60Introduction and exploring key themes in civil procedure...................................................................73Case Management...............................................................................................................................85Commencing proceedings...................................................................................................................96Costs..................................................................................................................................................107Pleadings and gathering documentary evidence...............................................................................110Discovery and determining privilege.................................................................................................126Interlocutory Applications: Notices of motion, injunctions and adjournments.................................146Post-Trial: Appeals, Finality, Enforcement, Costs...............................................................................163Introduction to criminal procedureInterlude to criminal procedure‘The power to prosecute and punish criminal actions on behalf of the community is the state’slargest and most coercive power, and is unparalleled in the private sphere. The potential for abuseof this power against individuals has led to the development of a number of legalsafeguards for individual rights. These include the presumption of innocence, the right to hearandrespond to the prosecution’s case, the burden of proof being on the prosecution, the righttolegal representation, the right to a trial by jury, and the right not to be detained unless acompetent court has found the person guilty of a designated offence and has sentenced him orher to a term of imprisonment.’Jeremy Gans,Modern Criminal Law of Australia(CambridgeUniversity Press, 2nded, 2017) 455.Presumption of innocence and burden of proof-‘Throughout the web of the English Criminal Law onegolden threadis always to be seenthat it is the duty of the prosecution to prove the prisoner's guilt subject to... the defence ofinsanity and subject also to any statutory exception. If, at the end of and on the whole of thecase, there is a reasonable doubt, created by the evidence given by either the prosecution orthe prisoner... the prosecution has not made out the case and the prisoner is entitled to anacquittal. No matter what the charge or where the trial, the principle that the prosecutionmust prove the guilt of the prisoner is part of the common law of England and no attempt towhittle it down can be entertained.’Woolmington v DPP[1935] AC 462, 481482 (Viscount Sankey).1Downloaded by John Cullen ([email protected])
lOMoARcPSD|3077030Affirmed inEnvironmental Protection Authority v Caltex Refining Co Pty Ltd(1993) 178CLR 477, 501 (Mason CJ and Toohey J).-‘It is a cardinal principle of our system of justicethat the Crown must prove the guilt of anaccused person, and the protection which that principle affords to the liberty of theindividual will be weakened if power exists to compel a suspected person to confess hisguilt.’Sorby v The Commonwealth(1983) 152 CLR 281, 294 (Gibbs CJ)-‘The common law ‘presumption of innocence’ in criminal proceedings is an importantincident of the liberty of the subject. The principle of legality will afford it such protection,in

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