10_development

10_development - How to study what newborns know Problems:...

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How to study what newborns know • Problems: - can’t understand instructions - can’t answer verbally So far, just like animals…
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Perception of goal-directed action, Wood et al., Science, 2007 “primates go beyond the surface appearance of behavior…like humans they evaluate actions with respect to environmental constraints imposed on the agent”
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What is the best advice to give someone who wants to test the ability of newborn infants? 1. Don't even waste your time trying until the infant is at least 1 month old. 2. Base your study only on learning using vision, not learning using hearing. 3. Base your study only on learning using hearing, not learning using vision. 4. Study learning of eye and mouth movements, not learning of hand or arm movements. 6
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How to study what newborns know • Problems: - can’t understand instructions - can’t answer verbally So far, just like animals… - but when very young, can’t even point to what they want - So how do you learn about babies? Using responses that they CAN make, such as looking or sucking Preferential Looking
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What tells you that a newborn can distinguish between “ba” and “pa”? 1. The reduced sucking rate in the third phase. 2. The increased sucking rate in the 4rth phase. 3. The fact that the baby prefers “pa” over “ba”. 6
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Gauthier during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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10_development - How to study what newborns know Problems:...

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