Personality07

Personality07 - 250 number of people surveyed 200 women men...

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0 50 100 150 200 250 1 2 3 4 number of people surveyed women men year in school 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 1 2 3 4 women men Happiness year in school
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On a scale of 1 -7, how much does your relationship influence your social life at Vanderbilt? 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 1 2 3 4 women men * How many nights per week do you usually go out? 1 = 0 2 = 1-2 3 = 3-4 4 = more than 5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 1 2 3 4 women men Scale A Year in school
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On average, how many hours of sleep do you get a day (including naps)? 1 = less than 6 2 = 6-7 3 = 7-8 4 = 8-9 5 = more than 9 2 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3 survey 1 survey 2 Scale P = .09 “NB nights out" question was asked last “NB nights out" question was asked first Personality • What makes us the way we are? • Why does each person respond a little differently to a given situation? • Can personality predict behavior? • How do personality differences arise?
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nomothetic vs. idiographic? • Nomothetic: seeks laws about personality (e.g., introverts salivate more than extroverts) • Idiographic: a study of one individual’s personality (e.g., how a therapist might now you after 50 sessions) Personality • General style of interacting with the world, especially with other people. – Study of individual differences – Usually excludes differences in cognitive and perceptual skills.
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Climate:Weather = Trait:State • Trait – Consistent, long-lasting tendency in behavior, such as shyness, hostility, or talkativeness • State – Temporary activation of a particular behavior They are related: e.g. State anxiety is defined as an unpleasant emotional arousal in face of threatening demands or dangers. Trait anxiety , reflects the existence of stable individual differences in the tendency to respond with state anxiety in the anticipation of threatening situations. Why as students we must learn
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Gauthier during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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Personality07 - 250 number of people surveyed 200 women men...

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