ThoughtLanguage

ThoughtLanguage - PSY 101: General Psychology Problem...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSY 101: General Psychology Problem solving and Language
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Errors in Problem Solving charades Your chapter describes many heuristics that humans use to solve complex problems, as compared to computers, which use algorithms. Why do you think that humans evolved to use heuristics instead of algorithms? • Because it is more efficient (less time consuming) • Because in real world reasoning, there may not be a a clearly correct solution, or you may have incomplete information. But you still have to vote, invest, hire people, make business decisions, diagnoses, give legal advice etc…
Background image of page 2
Homeopathic drugs “the smaller the dose, the more powerful the effect” Homeopathic drugs 1. I sometimes use them. 2. I don’t use them but I think they work for some people. 3. They are the ultimate fake. 4. I really don’t have an opinion.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
In some cases, to have at least one molecule of the original substance dissolved in a minimum of 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,0 00,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000, 000,000,000 molecules of water. This would require a container more than 30,000,000,000 times the size of the Earth. From ignorant certainty to intelligent confusion 1- Pre-reflective reasoning - assumes that there is always a correct answer (authority knows). - If they don’t know it, they choose based on what “feels” right, and do not see any reason to justify a belief.
Background image of page 4
Example of pre-reflective thinking Q- Can you ever know for sure that your position on evolution is correct? A-Some people believe we have evolved from apes. I would never believe that and nobody could talk me out of the way I believe because that’s what’s told in the Bible. 2- Quasi-reflective thinking - Recognize that some things cannot be known for sure. - Assume that this means any judgment is purely subjective. You have your idea and I have mine”, as if all opinions are created equal.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
3 - Reflective judgment - Some judgments are more valid than others based on the evidence, their coherence, their usefulness… - Have acquired tools to compare different options. Research shows… • Most people do not show reflective judgment until middle or late twenties, if at all. • Most freshmen score at early stages of quasi-reflective thinking. • By senior year, reflective judgment is more likely • Many advanced doctoral students use reflective thinking consistently
Background image of page 6
• A ping pong ball 1” in diameter falls into a 3 length of pipe that is 1 1/8” in diameter. The pipe is firmly affixed to the concrete pavement. It is extremely
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Gauthier during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

Page1 / 25

ThoughtLanguage - PSY 101: General Psychology Problem...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online