Unformatted text preview: erties: Atomic Orbitals
• s orbitals are spherically symmetric. – There is one s orbital per n level.
–l=0
1 value of ml 8 1/21/2014 Atomic Orbitals Atomic Orbitals • p orbital properties:
– The first p orbitals appear in the n = 2 shell. • p orbitals are peanut or dumbbell shaped
volumes.
– They are directed along the axes of a Cartesian
coordinate system. • There are 3 p orbitals per n level.
– The three orbitals are named px, py, pz.
– They have an l = 1.
– ml = 1,0,+1 3 values of ml Atomic Orbitals Atomic Orbitals • d orbital properties:
– The first d orbitals appear in the n = 3 shell. • The five d orbitals have two different shapes:
– 4 are clover leaf shaped.
– 1 is peanut shaped with a doughnut around it.
– The orbitals lie directly on the Cartesian axes or are
rotated 45o from the axes. • There are 5 d orbitals per n level.
– The five orbitals are named –
– They have an l = 2.
– ml = 2,1,0,+1,+2
5 values of m l 9 1/21/2014 Atomic Orbitals Atomic Orbitals • f orbital properties:
– The first f orbitals appear in the n = 4 shell. • The f orbitals have the most complex shapes.
• There are seven f orbitals per n level.
– The f orbitals have complicated names.
– They have an l = 3
– ml = 3,2,1,0,+1,+2, +3
7 values of ml
– The f orbitals have important effects in the
lanthanide and actinide elements. 10...
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This document was uploaded on 03/26/2014.
 Winter '14
 Atom, Electron, pH

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