Atomic Models and Quantum Numbers for handout shortened version new 4 slides per page

P orbitals are peanut or dumbbell shaped volumes they

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Unformatted text preview: erties: Atomic Orbitals • s orbitals are spherically symmetric. – There is one s orbital per n level. –l=0 1 value of ml 8 1/21/2014 Atomic Orbitals Atomic Orbitals • p orbital properties: – The first p orbitals appear in the n = 2 shell. • p orbitals are peanut or dumbbell shaped volumes. – They are directed along the axes of a Cartesian coordinate system. • There are 3 p orbitals per n level. – The three orbitals are named px, py, pz. – They have an l = 1. – ml = -1,0,+1 3 values of ml Atomic Orbitals Atomic Orbitals • d orbital properties: – The first d orbitals appear in the n = 3 shell. • The five d orbitals have two different shapes: – 4 are clover leaf shaped. – 1 is peanut shaped with a doughnut around it. – The orbitals lie directly on the Cartesian axes or are rotated 45o from the axes. • There are 5 d orbitals per n level. – The five orbitals are named – – They have an l = 2. – ml = -2,-1,0,+1,+2 5 values of m l 9 1/21/2014 Atomic Orbitals Atomic Orbitals • f orbital properties: – The first f orbitals appear in the n = 4 shell. • The f orbitals have the most complex shapes. • There are seven f orbitals per n level. – The f orbitals have complicated names. – They have an l = 3 – ml = -3,-2,-1,0,+1,+2, +3 7 values of ml – The f orbitals have important effects in the lanthanide and actinide elements. 10...
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