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ch research paper 2 Inuits

ch research paper 2 Inuits - Anthropology 101 Dr Weissman...

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Anthropology 101 Dr. Weissman Research Paper It is arguable that the most important aspect of a surviving culture is being able to adapt to the surrounding environment. One of the world’s most prevalent cultures to the ever-changing environment are the Inuit people inhabiting the Artic regions of Alaska, Greenland and Canada. Despite the harsh conditions the Artic provides, earlier Inuit cultures have been around since the last 10 th century. Although some of the ways of the Inuit have changed from earlier existence, most of the traditions and beliefs remain the same. The Inuit are descendents of the Thule culture, a nomadic group who were the first to migrate to northwestern Greenland around 1000 AD. The Thule people were well known maritime hunters; they were the first people to hunt bowhead whales, the largest animals in the artic seas. Robert McGee’s internet article “Nunavut’ 99” (1999) describes the Thule as having “kayaks with throwing-harpoons attached to floats; large umiat (skin-covered boats) that could transport an entire camp or be used as a platform from which to hunt bowhead whales; equipment for hunting and traveling on the ice; strong sinew-backed bows for hunting on land; and heavily insulated winter houses built from boulders and turf, raftered with whalebones.” In a short time they had adapted the maritime hunting culture to most regions of Greenland. About 500 years ago the Inuit culture underwent a significant change. A cooling climate referred as the “Little Ice Age” is believed to be the cause of why the traditional Thule culture could no longer be possible. Robert McGee explains, “They gave up hunting for whales and began to concentrate on hunting smaller sea mammals, caribou
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and fish.” Being unable to accumulate enough food to survive on their own, snow house communities began to form, where they could efficiently hunt in groups. As a result of
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