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F Handout 01 - Chapters 1-5 - with answers


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Unformatted text preview: ) 46 C) 2 D) 23 62) Where does protein synthesis take place? A) in the nucleolus B) on smooth endoplasmic reticulum C) on ribosomes D) in the nucleus 63) Information is transferred from the nucleus to ribosomes via ______. A) mRNA B) rough endoplasmic reticulum C) DNA D) smooth endoplasmic reticulum 64) What structures move proteins from the ER to the Golgi apparatus? A) transport proteins B) central vacuole C) transport vesicles D) nucleolus 5 65) Which of the following is a function of the Golgi apparatus? A) digestion of organic matter inside the cell B) protein modification C) drug detoxification D) protein synthesis 66) Which of the following parts of a cell is (are) most like the shipping center of a company? A) the Golgi apparatus B) mitochondria C) chloroplasts D) the nucleolus 67) Lysosomes are responsible for ______. A) lipid synthesis B) cellular respiration C) digestion of organic matter inside the cell D) protein synthesis 68) If a cell's lysosomes burst, the cell would ______. A) shrivel B) divide into two cells C) digest itself D) need to manufacture more lysosomes 69) Plant cells, unlike animal cells, are characterized by the presence of a ______. A) cell wall and contractile vacuole B) cell wall and central vacuole C) nucleus and cell wall D) nucleus and contractile vacuole 70) Similar to the nucleus, chloroplasts and mitochondria are ______. A) surrounded by two membranes B) green C) manufactured by the nucleolus D) able to synthesize lipids 71) What is energy? A) the capacity to cause movement B) the capacity to cause change C) a measure of calories D) a measure of disorder Bio 102 ‐ Handout 1 72) An object at rest has no ______ energy, but it may have ______ energy resulting from its location or structure. A) kinetic... potential B) kinetic... conserved C) potential... kinetic D) stored... potential 73) The principle that energy cannot be created or destroyed is known as ______. A) interconversion B) conservation of energy C) conservation of heat D) entropy 74) Which of the following is a measure of randomness in a system? A) entropy B) kinetic energy C) potential...
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