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Test1_RevewSheet - Review Sheet Test 1 Spring 2008 3/5th...

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Review Sheet Test 1 Spring 2008 3/5 th compromise – Part of Great/Connecticut Compromise. Allowed the south to count the slave population as 3/5thin order for purposes of taxation and representation in the House of Reps. 3/5 th s gave the North and South approximately the same size delegation in congress. South closed their ports once this compromise was met…which led to British reopening their ports globally. Amendment Process and Use 1) National Convention called by Congress by request of state legislatures (never used) 2) Proposal for change by 2/3rds vote in both houses of Congress Then Ratification by States (2 options) a. vote in 3/4 th of state legislatures (most common) b. vote by special ratifying conventions in 3/4 th of the states (used to repeal prohibition (21 st amendment) because states wouldn’t get the job done) Use – Add/Subtract National Power (pass and repeal prohibition) Expand electorate and its Power (Suffrage, Direct election of Senators, 18 yr old voting age, no poll taxes) Reduce Power (president serves only 2 terms or ten years total) Limit State Power (prohibit slavery) Structural Changes in Govt (change congressional calendar and election procedures) American federalism – We have approx. 87, 500 govts in US (1 national govt, 50 state govts, 87, 453 local govts ie: county, city, township special and school districts) Articles of Confederation – First constitutional framework. It was like a “league of friendship.” Good: Central govt that could make war or peace. Bad: articles treated states like independent nations, national govt only had the power that the states gave it, no regulation of commerce, no national currency, no national court system, problematic for merchants (commercial warfare), many states didn’t believe they belonged to the national govt. Bicameralism – Two houses. Lower house by population (House of Reps), Upper House – each state has two senators. Any bills regarding taxing starts in lower house to keep the power to tax with the people. Bill of Rights – 1 st ten amendments of the constitution concerning basic liberties. Pushed for by anti-federalists. Created during the first session of congress. Block grants – Broad grant with broad categories (ie: education/health care) few or no strings attached and typically favored by republicans (state centered party) Blue collar –By 1940, average worker was blue collar. City employment and semi-skilled to unskilled labor. Tend to be democrats,
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Capitalism – and economic system based on private ownership and the existence of markets to coordinate most economic activity. Categorical grants – Grant from congress for appropriated funds for a specific purpose (strings attached) typically favored more by democrats. (We use regulated capitalism).
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